Calton Hill South Viewpoint, Edinburgh
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Panoramic photo by Dave Kennard EXPERT Taken 15:36, 22/10/2011 - Views loading...

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Calton Hill South Viewpoint, Edinburgh

The World > Europe > UK > Scotland

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Panorama looking out over the city of Edinburgh from Calton Hill. The hill is a famous location, both for its views, and also the variety of monuments located there.

The nearby building in this image is part of the City Observatory. The circular pillared structure to the south-west is the Dugald Stewart Monument. To the south-east is the Nelson Monument, a tower built between 1807 and 1815 in honour of Nelson's victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.

To the east is the National Monument of Scotland. This pillared structure was built as a memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died in the Napoleonic Wars. It was intended to be modelled on the Parthenon, but was left unfinished in 1829.

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This panorama was taken in Scotland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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