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Panoramic photo by John Sanchez EXPERT Taken 07:18, 02/04/2009 - Views loading...

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Caraz Square

The World > South America > Peru

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Nearby images in Peru

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A: Chain of Mountains, Cordillera Blanca

od Arroz Marisco, 9.3 km daleko

Part of the Andes, the majestic Cordillera Blanca, literally translated as the "White Mountain" is a ...

Chain of Mountains, Cordillera Blanca

B: Trailhead at Cashapampa

od Arroz Marisco, 11.2 km daleko

No, we are not contemplating the difficulties lying ahead, rather we are just so surprised that the f...

Trailhead at Cashapampa

C: The Many Jagged Peaks and Rock Spires of Quebrada Santa Cruz

od Arroz Marisco, 12.6 km daleko

On my very first day on the famed Alpamayo circuit I inevitably had to retread part of the Santa Cruz...

The Many Jagged Peaks and Rock Spires of Quebrada Santa Cruz

D: Cattle roaming in Quebrada Santa Cruz

od Arroz Marisco, 12.7 km daleko

Roaming cattle greeted me the moment I reached greener land. I could not remember seeing many of them...

Cattle roaming in Quebrada Santa Cruz

E: Yungay Cemetery in Memory of the Tragic Avalanche

od Arroz Marisco, 14.0 km daleko

39 years ago on May 31, 1970 a devastating Ritcher Scale 8 earthquake struck off the coast of northen...

Yungay Cemetery in Memory of the Tragic Avalanche

F: The Cascading Rio Santa Cruz

od Arroz Marisco, 14.4 km daleko

Running between the dark walls of the gorge is the noisy Rio Santa Cruz which tumbles and cascades be...

The Cascading Rio Santa Cruz

G: Laguna Parón

od Arroz Marisco, 14.9 km daleko

This turquoise blue lake, largest of all the glacial lagoons in the cordillera sits deep inside the v...

Laguna Parón

H: Paron

od SAREFOTO, 15.5 km daleko

Paron

I: Gathering Clouds over Laguna Parón

od Arroz Marisco, 16.3 km daleko

A well-paved footpath along the northern edge of the lake leads ultimately to the terminal moraine of...

Gathering Clouds over Laguna Parón

J: Laguna Paron

od SAREFOTO, 16.3 km daleko

Laguna Paron

This panorama was taken in Peru, South America

This is an overview of South America

South America makes up the southern half of the Americas and a large part of Latin America. It's home to the world's longest mountain range, biggest waterfall and largest river -- even these mammoths pale in comparison to the stunning variety of life forms thriving in the rainforest.

To the northwest, off the coast of Ecuador, lie the Galapagos Islands, which are unique for hosting species not found anywhere else on earth. These were the subject of study for Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, which he himself said will require proof in every single case.

The main languages in South America are Spanish and Portugese, which basically tells you which European countries colonized the place. The South American wars of independence took place over two decades in the early 19th century, led by Simon Bolivar of Venezuela and Jose san Martin of Argentina.

Following liberation from Portugal and Spain, South America took off into its own development, capitalizing on the rich deposits of oil, gold, copper, silver and tango musicians.

Brazil is the largest country in South America and home to one of the world's best parties, Carnaval. Have you heard of samba music? How about bossa nova? Maybe dancing for three days straight?

I can't say enough good things about South America. All the world's continents have amazing secrets and treasures laying in wait for your discovery, but in South America... just have a look at our pictures while you're waiting for online confirmation of your plane tickets to hit your inbox.

Text by Steve Smith.

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