Damascus Syria - Antique and local ar...
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Panoramic photo by Willy Kaemena PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 13:11, 31/03/2006 - Views loading...

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Damascus Syria - Antique and local art shop

The World > Asia > Middle East > Syria

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Wikipedia: "Damascus (Arabic: دِمَشق‎ / ALA-LC: Dimashq; commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎ / ash-Shām) and, known also as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎ / Madīnat al-Yāsmīn), is the capital and the second largest city of Syria. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009 est.)

Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004) Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. Damascus was chosen as the 2008 Arab Capital of Culture."

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Nearby images in Syria

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A: Damascus Old Town

od Willy Kaemena, 70 meters away

Just behind the huge Omayad Mosque in ancient Damascus

Damascus Old Town

B: Teahouse Damascus

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Wikipedia: "Damascus (Arabic: دِمَشق‎ / ALA-LC: Dimashq; commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic:...

Teahouse Damascus

C: Damascus Paleis

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Damascus Paleis

D: Damascus Azam Palace

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Damascus Azam Palace

E: Damascus Old Town

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The Gold and Spices shops in old Damascus

Damascus Old Town

F: Umayad Mosque in Damascus

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Inside the patio of the Umayad Mosque in Damascus Originally the main building of the mosque was a ch...

Umayad Mosque in Damascus

G: Arabian Sweets

od Willy Kaemena, 160 meters away

Arabian Sweets

H: Ummayad Mosque

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 Wikipedia:  The Ummayad Mosque, also known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus (Arabic: جامع بني أمية ال...

Ummayad Mosque

I: Damascus Hamadye Souq

od Willy Kaemena, 200 meters away

Damascus Hamadye Souq

J: In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

od Willy Kaemena, 210 meters away

In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

This panorama was taken in Syria, Middle East

This is an overview of Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

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