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Shing Mun Reservoir - Main Dam 城門水塘主壩
Sheung Shing Valley 雙城峽/城門峽

城門水塘位於新界城門郊野公園內的城門水塘的興建計劃始於1923年,至1939年第三條連接港島的海底輸水管建成為止,歷時16載,是香港首個把存水由九龍區輸往港島區使用的水塘。城門水塘是擇山谷深處為塘,在山谷出口處建築巨型水壩截流,並引各細流入河谷。水塘第一期工程完成時,塘面寬約400呎,深200呎,設有兩條隧道,北隧道長2,100呎,南隧道長4,600呎,兩條隧道以水管及引水道連接,可儲水9億加侖,河谷中置抽水機兩部,直接抽調淡水至九龍水塘。第二期工程包括九龍接收水塘及石梨貝濾水廠,工程完成後,水塘容量達30億加侖。第三期工程於1935年展開,至1939年第三條海底輸水管建成後後才告完工,主要工程包括兩條連接九龍至香港的海底輸水管、連接水塘與供水網絡的輸水道、抽水機、主壩由115呎加高至275呎,以及興建82呎高的菠蘿凹副壩(俗稱菠蘿壩),城門水塘的擴建工程於1937年完成,水塘容量高達30億加侖,水壩高275呎。為慶祝英皇佐治五世登基25年,城門水塘於1935年易名為銀禧水塘,但城門水塘這個土名,時至今日仍為香港市民沿用。每當城門水塘溢滿時,多餘的儲水會經過垂直溢洪道流到下城門水塘,使水塘形成一個「水碗」,十分壯觀。城門水塘的鐘形溢流口、紀念碑、鐵橋、水掣塔及水塘主壩均被列為第一級歷史建築。Shing Mun Reservoir is the largest water storage facility at the foot of Tai Mo Shan, and the most unforgettable sight of Shing Mun Country Park. Measuring 2 km in length, the reservoir is orbited by a winding lakeside path that stretches for many kilometres in the verdant valley. This unspoiled piece of country has many hidden corners for the explorer. The most relaxing way to experience its natural beauty is to stroll along the east bank of the reservoir. The trail starts at the northern end of the main dam. Meandering along the embankment, it takes you deep into the beautiful Shing Mun woodlands. In summer, Common Melastomas (Melastoma candidum) dress the slopes a bubbly pink, against chartreuse ravines overlaid with Galingales. In the low wetlands, profuse trees and shrubs enclose the water. Continuing up the hills, the trail passes some large streams before making a descent through dense forests developed from overgrowing fung shui woods relics of old Shing Mun villages.

Copyright: Njohn
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6876x3438
Uploaded: 13/08/2013
Updated: 18/08/2014
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Tags: shing mun reservoir; shing mun main dam; 城門水塘主壩
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njohn
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