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Panoramabillede af Reza Pazhouhesh EXPERT Taget 09:25, 01/04/2012 - Views loading...

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The World > Asia > Middle East > Iran

Tags: historical, yazd

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Billeder tæt på Iran

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A: Temple of Chak Chak

Af Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 24.2 km væk

 Extrimly important Zoroastrian temple, Chak Chak in name of Village , Near Ardakan , Yazd , IranChak...

Temple of Chak Chak

B: ancient windcatchers "Bâdgir" above the water reservoir - Yazd - Iran

Af Sergej Esnault, 55.9 km væk

A windcatcher is a traditional Persian architectural element to create natural ventilation in buildin...

ancient windcatchers "Bâdgir" above the water reservoir - Yazd - Iran

C: زندان اسکندر

Af Majid Salehyar, 55.9 km væk

نمای خارجی زندان اسکندر

زندان اسکندر

D: An alley in the old part of town

Af Ramin Dehdashti, 55.9 km væk

An old traditional alley with houses and walls made of loam, Yazd, Iran

An alley in the old part of town

E: H.Jafari-2014

Af H Jafari, 56.6 km væk

H.Jafari-2014

F: Prison Of Alexander

Af Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 56.6 km væk

Prison Of Alexander

G: Jameh Mosque of Yazd

Af Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 56.7 km væk

Jameh Mosque of Yazd

H: Friday Mosque - Yazd

Af Mojtaba Kargar, 56.7 km væk

One of the precious monuments in iran , the Kabir congregational mosque of Yazd is infact a collectio...

Friday Mosque - Yazd

I: jāmeh mosque of yazd

Af Farzad Najafi, 56.7 km væk

Situated adjacent to the center of the town of Yazd, the complex of the Friday mosque of Yazd was fou...

jāmeh mosque of yazd

J: Jame Mosque of Yazd

Af Mohammad Reza Domiri Ganji, 56.7 km væk

Jame Mosque of Yazd

Dette panorama blev taget i Iran

Dette er et overblik over Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.

It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.

There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.

Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.

The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.

The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.

In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.

Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."

In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.

Text by Steve Smith.

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