Front Yard in April
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Panoramabillede af Lehel Lokodi EXPERT Taget 15:59, 24/04/2011 - Views loading...


Front Yard in April

The World > Europe > Romania > Transsylvania

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This was also taken in Easter, on a beautiful sunday afternoon, in 2011. It is a great place for relaxation, an isolation from the smelly and noisy town of Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely).

Mikháza (Călugăreni) is a peaceful village, more than five centuries old, situated by the Nyárád (Niraj) river in Transylvania, Romania. Largely Hungarian people live here.

In the 17th century Bosnian Franciscan monks built their monestary. A chapel was built alongside it at the end of the same century. There is also a chapel built in the cemetery with the materials of the demolished mansion of the noble Mike family. Probably the name of the village was derived from the family's name. Mikháza therefore in Hungarian means "house of Mike". However "călugăr" (romanian) translates to "monk" and it is tagged to form the Romanian name of the village - Călugăreni. There are more than 10 villages named Călugareni in Romania, but only one of them is Mikháza.

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Billeder tæt på Transsylvania


A: Winter, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 20 meter væk

More than five centuries old village, situated in Transylvania, by the river Nyárád (Niraj). It's res...

Winter, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

B: Spring, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 110 meter væk

This was taken on Easter, on a beautiful sunday afternoon, in 2011. By holiday tradition, boys decora...

Spring, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

C: Ruined Platform Scale, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 190 meter væk

This is a pano of a ruined platform scale as of 2012 at the outskirts of Mikháza.Mikháza (Călugăreni)...

Ruined Platform Scale, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

D: Centre of the Village, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 310 meter væk

This is a 3-way junction in the centre of Mikháza, because it links the village's main road with Kand...

Centre of the Village, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

E: St. Stephen's Chapel, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 320 meter væk

This is the interior of St. Stephen's Franciscan Chapel in Mikháza built at the end of the 17th centu...

St. Stephen's Chapel, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

F: St. Stephen's Monastery Churchyard, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 320 meter væk

This is the yard of St. Stephen's Franciscan Monastery in Mikháza. Bosnian Franciscan monks establish...

St. Stephen's Monastery Churchyard, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

G: St. Stephen's Monastery Entrance, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 330 meter væk

This panorama captures the moody atmosphere just outside the gate into St. Stephen's Monastery church...

St. Stephen's Monastery Entrance, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

H: Mikháza (Călugăreni), Nyárádmente - Niraj Valley Landscape

Af Lehel Lokodi, 370 meter væk

This was shot overlooking Mikháza (Călugăreni) from a southern hill.The image captures the view upon ...

Mikháza (Călugăreni), Nyárádmente - Niraj Valley Landscape

I: Cemetery Chapel, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 400 meter væk

This is the cemetery situated to the south of the village, up on a hill. At this end there is a spide...

Cemetery Chapel, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

J: Cemetery, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Af Lehel Lokodi, 520 meter væk

This is the cemetery of Mikháza, situated to the south of the village, up on a hill.Despite being on ...

Cemetery, Mikháza (Călugăreni)

Dette panorama blev taget i Transsylvania

Dette er et overblik over Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.

Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).

The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.

The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].

In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.

Del dette panorama