Offering fines views to the North Sea, Durham and as far north as the Cheviot Hills, Penshaw Hill is a landmark that is visible and recognisable throughout the North East of England.
Once an Iron Age hill fort it has latterly become home to Penshaw Monument, the Greek temple replica built in 1844 in honour of John George Lambton, the first Earl of Durham.
Also synonymous with Penshaw Hill is the local legend of The Lambton Worm, one of the area's most famous pieces of folklore, which tells of the battle between John Lambton, an heir of the Lambton Estate in County Durham, and a giant worm which had been terrorising the local villages.
Part of the famous song associated with the story, tells of the Worm wrapping itself seven times around the Hill.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.