Trigonion or Chain Tower, Thessalonik...
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Panoramabillede af Alexander Hadji EXPERT Taget 16:30, 06/09/2010 - Views loading...

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Trigonion or Chain Tower, Thessaloniki, Greece

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View on Thessaloniki from old city walls and Trigonoion (Chain) Tower

Trigonion or chain Tower and the city wall are located at the northeast corner of the city.

The construction of city walls begun by king Kassander during the Hellenistic period and took its present arrangement in the 3d-4th century A.D. However several parts were added and reconstructed during the Byzantine and Ottoman era.
The length was approximately 8000 meters of which 4300 have been preserved.  It had an average of 10-12 meters height from the ground and it was built with stones, plinths and marble parts taken from the roman monuments of the city. A large part (on the eastern side) was demolished by the Ottoman authorities during 1873-1911 for expanding the city.
All of the city gates have been demolished with the exception of those of the northern side. Luckily, two towers very important for the fortification of the city, have been preserved.
The White Tower on the southeast and the Tower of Trigonion (or Alyseos) on the northeast. They were both built (or rebuilt) by Ottoman Turks. 

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Dette panorama blev taget i Greece, Europe

Dette er et overblik over Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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