Teahouse Damascus
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Panorama-Foto von: Willy Kaemena PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Fotografiert: 13:42, 06/04/2006 - Views loading...

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Teahouse Damascus

世界 > 亚洲 > Middle East > Syria

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Wikipedia: "Damascus (Arabic: دِمَشق‎ / ALA-LC: Dimashq; commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic: الشام‎ / ash-Shām) and, known also as the City of Jasmine (Arabic: مدينة الياسمين‎ / Madīnat al-Yāsmīn), is the capital and the second largest city of Syria. It is also the capital city of one of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 1,711,000 (2009 est.)

Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2.6 million people (2004) Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus.

First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. Damascus was chosen as the 2008 Arab Capital of Culture."

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Bilder in der Nähe von Syria

map

A: Damascus Old Town

von Willy Kaemena, 20 Meter entfernt

Just behind the huge Omayad Mosque in ancient Damascus

Damascus Old Town

B: Damascus Syria - Antique and local art shop

von Willy Kaemena, 70 Meter entfernt

Wikipedia: "Damascus (Arabic: دِمَشق‎ / ALA-LC: Dimashq; commonly known in Syria as ash-Sham (Arabic:...

Damascus Syria - Antique and local art shop

C: Umayad Mosque in Damascus

von Willy Kaemena, 150 Meter entfernt

Inside the patio of the Umayad Mosque in Damascus Originally the main building of the mosque was a ch...

Umayad Mosque in Damascus

D: In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

von Willy Kaemena, 150 Meter entfernt

In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

In the old Souqs ( Markets) of Damascus

E: Damascus Paleis

von Peter Boel, 160 Meter entfernt

Damascus Paleis

F: Damascus Azam Palace

von Willy Kaemena, 170 Meter entfernt

Damascus Azam Palace

G: Damascus Old Town

von Willy Kaemena, 190 Meter entfernt

The Gold and Spices shops in old Damascus

Damascus Old Town

H: Ummayad Mosque

von Willy Kaemena, 190 Meter entfernt

 Wikipedia:  The Ummayad Mosque, also known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus (Arabic: جامع بني أمية ال...

Ummayad Mosque

I: Arabian Sweets

von Willy Kaemena, 220 Meter entfernt

Arabian Sweets

J: Damascus Hamadye Souq

von Willy Kaemena, 230 Meter entfernt

Damascus Hamadye Souq

Das Panorama wurde in Syria, Middle East aufgenommen

Dies ist ein Überblick von Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.

The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.

Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!

When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.

Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.

Text by Steve Smith.

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