"Dorpat" - UNESCO World Heritage Site
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Panorama-Foto von: Andrew Bodrov PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Fotografiert: 07:54, 22/06/2012 - Views loading...

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"Dorpat" - UNESCO World Heritage Site

The World > Europe > Estonia

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The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through ten countries and over 2,820 km, which yielded the first accurate measurement of a meridian.

The chain was established and used by the German-born Russian scientist Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve in the years 1816 to 1855 to establish the exact size and shape of the earth. At that time, the chain passed merely through two countries: Union of Sweden-Norway and the Russian Empire. The Arc's first point is located in Tartu Observatory, where Struve conducted much of his research.

In 2005, the chain was inscribed on the World Heritage List as a memorable ensemble of the chain made up of 34 commemorative plaques or built obelisks out of the original 265 main station points which are marked by drilled holes in rock, iron crosses, cairns, others.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Struve_Geodetic_Arc

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Bilder in der Nähe von Estonia

map

A: Old Tartu Observatory

von Andrew Bodrov, 50 Meter entfernt

The old Tartu Observatory is known internationally for its connection to Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von ...

Old Tartu Observatory

B: Old Tartu Observatory - At top of Observatory

von Andrew Bodrov, 60 Meter entfernt

The old Tartu Observatory is known internationally for its connection to Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von ...

Old Tartu Observatory - At top of Observatory

C: Tartu, House nr 15

von Kristo Rihm, 140 Meter entfernt

An old wooden house in Kroonuaia street in Tartu. Pebble pavement, wooden houses and big old trees le...

Tartu, House nr 15

D: Angel’s Bridge on Toome hill in Tartu

von Kristo Rihm, 140 Meter entfernt

The Angel’s Bridge, located on Toome hill, was built in the 1814-1816 and replaced an earlier tempora...

Angel’s Bridge on Toome hill in Tartu

E: Tartu, Vallikraavi street, red brick gate

von Kristo Rihm, 150 Meter entfernt

A gate built of red bricks, in Vallikraavi street in Tartu old town. Pebble pavement and somewhat wor...

Tartu, Vallikraavi street, red brick gate

F: Tartu Town Hall Square

von Vladimir Petrov, 150 Meter entfernt

Tartu Town Hall Square

G: ERC auto24 Rally Estonia - Ceremonial Start

von Bruno Keiser, 160 Meter entfernt

ERC auto24 Rally Estonia - Ceremonial Start

H: The opening of The Year of Black Snake in Town hall square Tartu

von Lauri Veerde, 200 Meter entfernt

Tartu kesklinn, 10 veebruar 2013. Märjad lumelärtsakad püüavad peita üksikute möödakäijate morne pilk...

The opening of The Year of Black Snake in Town hall square Tartu

I: University of Tartu, Estonia

von Kristo Rihm, 200 Meter entfernt

Main building of the University of Tartu.The University of Tartu  (initially called Academia Dorpaten...

University of Tartu, Estonia

J: Main Building of the University of Tartu

von Lauri Veerde, 220 Meter entfernt

The University of Tartu Main Building is one of the finest specimens of neoclassical architecture in ...

Main Building of the University of Tartu

Das Panorama wurde in Estonia, Europe aufgenommen

Dies ist ein Überblick von Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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