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Hungaroring Bildsäule-Park Skulptur von Bernie Ecclestone
Hungary

Hungaroring

Hungaroring FEST 23-26. July 2009 Budapest

Die Hungaroring Rennstrecke liegt 19 Kilometer vom Zentrum Budapests, neben der Autobahn M3 am Rande der Gemeinde Mogyoród. Die Strecke befindet sich in einem natürlichen Tal, welches von knapp 50 Hektar Tribünen umgeben wird. Folge dieser ausgezeichneten geographischen Eigenschaften ist von fast allen Tribünen 80 % der gesamten Stracke zu sehen. Deswegen wird der Hungaroring auch flacher Teller genannt, denn auf seinem Rand sitzen die Zuschauer und können das Rennen dorther verfolgen.

Bei der Streckenübergabe im Jahr 1986 betrug die Streckenlänge 4013,786 Meter. Im Jahre 1989 wurde eine kleinere Korrektion vorgenommen. Für das Formel 1 Rennen 1989 würde eine Kurvenkombination durchgeschnitten und demzufolge entstand eine weitere Überholmöglichkeit, die Strecke wurde schneller, jedoch mit einer Gesamtlänge  von   3968 Metern kürzer. Nach den Umbauarbeiten im Jahre 1997 wurde die Streckenklänge auf 3982 Meter geändert nachdem die Start-Zielgerade umgebaut wurde.

Der kleinste Radius ist 20 Meter, der größte beträgt 400 Meter. Die Länge der Start-Zielgerade beträgt 788,9 Meter und hier können Geschwindigkeiten bis zu 320 km/h erreicht werden. Die breite der Rennstrecke beträgt 15 Meter in der Start-Zielgerade, an anderen Stellen verringert sich die Breite gemäß der Geschwindigkeiten auf 10 bzw. 11 Meter.

Der Fahrbelag besteht aus einer 20 cm dicken Kiesschicht, auf der 20 cm Beton gelegt wurde. Auf dieser Betonschicht befinden sich drei, einzeln 5 cm dicke Asphaltschichten.  Der relative Höhenunterschied zwischen dem tiefsten und höchsten Punkt der Rennstrecke beträgt 36 Meter. Der größte Anstieg beträgt 6,4 %, das größte Gefälle ist 6,7 %.

Zu Folge der Rekonstruktionsarbeiten der Hungaroring Rennstrecke im Jahr 2003 - die mit der Einwilligung und dem Einverständnis der FIA (Federation Internationale de l'Automobile) der FOM (Formula One Management Ltd.) sowie den ungarischen Sportbehörden (MNASZ) vorgenommen wurde - wurde die Start-Zielgerade mit 202 Metern verlängert und so beträgt die aktuelle Streckenlänge 4384,08 Meter.

Copyright: Tibor illes
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7200x3600
Hochgeladen: 23/06/2009
Aktualisiert: 24/06/2014
Angesehen:

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Tags: hungaroring; mogyorod; hungaroring panorama; formula one; formula egy; forma egy; forma 1; bernie ecclestone; palik lászló; palik; hungaroringfest
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More About Hungary

Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország, in English officially the Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság), literally Magyar (Hungarian) Republic), is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU, V4 and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, which is part of the Finno-Ugric family, thus one of the four official languages of the European Union that are not of Indo-European origin.Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (9 AD – c. 430) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian ruler Árpád, whose great-grandson Stephen I of Hungary was crowned with a crown sent from Rome by the pope in 1000. After being recognized as a kingdom, Hungary remained a monarchy for 946 years, and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centers of the Western world. A significant power until the end of World War I, Hungary lost over 70% of its territory, along with 3.3 million people of Hungarian ethnicity, under the Treaty of Trianon, the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary. Hungary lost eight of its ten biggest cities as well. The kingdom was succeeded by a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention regarding the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal move of opening its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic (since 1989). Today, Hungary is a high-income economy, and a regional leader regarding certain markers.In the past decade, Hungary was listed as one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world. The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).Slightly more than one half of Hungary's landscape consists of flat to rolling plains of the Pannonian Basin: the most important plain regions include the Little Hungarian Plain in the west, and the Great Hungarian Plain in the southeast. The highest elevation above sea level on the latter is only 183 metres.Transdanubia is a primarily hilly region with a terrain varied by low mountains. These include the very eastern stretch of the Alps, Alpokalja, in the west of the country, the Transdanubian Medium Mountains, in the central region of Transdanubia, and the Mecsek Mountains and Villány Mountains in the south. The highest point of the area is the Írott-kő in the Alps, at 882 metres.The highest mountains of the country are located in the Carpathians: these lie in the northern parts, in a wide band along the Slovakian border (highest point: the Kékes at 1,014 m/3,327 ft).Hungary is divided in two by its main waterway, the Danube (Duna); other large rivers include the Tisza and Dráva, while Transdanubia contains Lake Balaton, a major body of water. The largest thermal lake in the world, Lake Hévíz (Hévíz Spa), is located in Hungary. The second largest lake in the Pannonian Basin is the artificial Lake Tisza (Tisza-tó).Phytogeographically, Hungary belongs to the Central European province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. According to the WWF, the territory of Hungary belongs to the ecoregion of Pannonian mixed forests.Hungary has a Continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent rainshowers and frigid to cold snowy winters. Average annual temperature is 9.7 °C (49.5 °F). Temperature extremes are about 42 °C (107.6 °F) in the summer and −29 °C (−20.2 °F) in the winter. Average temperature in the summer is 27 °C (80.6 °F) to 35 °C (95 °F) and in the winter it is 0 °C (32 °F) to −15 °C (5.0 °F). The average yearly rainfall is approximately 600 mm (23.6 in). A small, southern region of the country near Pécs enjoys a reputation for a Mediterranean climate, but in reality it is only slightly warmer than the rest of the country and still receives snow during the winter. Tibor IllesITB Panorama Photo