Schloss Schoenbrunn - Wien
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Panorama-Foto von: hires-panoramics.at - Hossam Abdel-Kader Fotografiert: 02:15, 22/09/2011 - Views loading...

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Schloss Schoenbrunn - Wien

The World > Europe > Österreich > Niederösterreich > Vienna

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Das Schloss Schönbrunn liegt im 13. Wiener Gemeindebezirk Hietzing. Sein Name geht auf einen Kaiser Matthias zugeschriebenen Ausspruch zurück, der hier auf der Jagd einen artesischen Brunnen „entdeckt“ und ausgerufen haben soll: „Welch' schöner Brunn“.

Gebaut als Residenz für Kaiserin Eleonora Gonzaga zwischen 1638 und 1643, wurde es in der Zweiten Wiener Türkenbelagerung 1683 schwer beschädigt. 1687 gab Leopold I. für seinen Thronfolger Joseph I. einen repräsentativen Neubau von Johann Bernhard Fischer in Auftrag.

Quelle: Wikipedia.org

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Bilder in der Nähe von Vienna

map

A: Schloss Schönbrunn

von Roland Lahner, weniger als 10 Meter entfernt

Schloss Schönbrunn

B: Schloss Schönbrunn

von Freiermuth Hanspeter, 40 Meter entfernt

Schloss Schönbrunn

C: Schönbrunn

von claudio divile, 60 Meter entfernt

Schönbrunn

D: Schloss Schoenbrunn

von Clemens Pfeiffer, 60 Meter entfernt

Schloss Schoenbrunn

E: In the garden of Schloß Schönbrun in Vienna

von Henk Keijzer, 80 Meter entfernt

In the garden of Schlo? Sch?nbrun in Vienna

In the garden of Schloß Schönbrun in Vienna

F: Schönbrunn

von claudio divile, 80 Meter entfernt

Schönbrunn

G: Schloß Schombrunn

von Luca Tranquilli, 90 Meter entfernt

Schloß Schombrunn

Schloß Schombrunn

H: Schloss Schönbrunn Wien

von Roland Lahner, 90 Meter entfernt

Schloss Schönbrunn Wien

I: Schönbrunn, imperators view

von Roland Lahner, 100 Meter entfernt

Schönbrunn, imperators view

J: Schloss Schoenbrunn - Galerie

von Martin Hertel, 100 Meter entfernt

Schloss Schönbrunn bei Wien, das ehem. Schloss der österreichische Kaiser, so auch von Sissy und Fran...

Schloss Schoenbrunn - Galerie

Das Panorama wurde in Vienna aufgenommen

Dies ist ein Überblick von Vienna

Overview and History

The history of Vienna is synonymous with that of Europe's biggest empire, so hang on to your weiner schnitzel.

Vienna was named "Vindomina" by Celtic tribesmen around 500 B.C. The Romans called it "Vindobona", which means "good wine," and some remains from the Roman garrison there can be found at Hoher Market. Since it was on the outskirts of the Roman Empire, it suffered much chaos and destruction during Volkerwanderung (AKA "let's pillage").

Throughout the later Middle Ages Vienna lived under the rule of the Babenberg family. They steadfastly warded off those persistent Mongolian raiders who keep popping up just when you least expect them.

During the third great Crusade (1192 A.D), Richard the Lionhearted was captured near Vienna and held for a ransom most foul which amounted to eleven tons of silver! This tidy sum was collected from England and used for the creation of a mint and city walls, major steps in Vienna's ascension to proper city status.

Good old kidnapping, who can get enough of it? You can still see remains of these city walls in the metro stop at Stubentor.

1278 A.D. marked the beginning of Hapsburg rule over the Austrian lands, snatched from the clutches of Bohemian King Otokar II. This reign would last almost seven centuries and grow to be Europe's largest empire.

Vienna twice defended against Ottoman attackers in the 16th and 17th centuries. As the story goes, the Viennese strained coffee technique traces its roots back to these Turks, who left sacks of coffee beans in the wake of their hasty retreat.

Emperor Josef II granted freedom of religious expression in 1781, immediately attracting the likes of Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven. These composers created masterpieces of western music in service of the blossoming Viennese opera houses and concert halls.

Vienna officially became capital of the Austrian Empire in 1804, of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after 1867, and capital of First Austrian Republic after WWI. The Hapsburg dynasty ended in 1918 with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which launched WWI.

Between the two World Wars, Austria experienced a revolution (the February Uprising) and autocratic government. Austria was captured by Germany and then Russia during WWII, but emerged as a sovereign nation again at the end of the war. However, it remained a divided and occupied city for another ten years, a period when international espionage cloaked more than a dagger or two within its four bristling regions.

In recent history Vienna has become like a second capital of Europe after Brussels. In the 1970's Vienna built the Vienna International Center, a complex to house one of the four United Nations offices. Along with the UN, this complex houses OPEC headquarters, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Test Ban Organization, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Did you know that OSCE is the world's largest intergovernmental organization?

I wonder what Sigmund Freud would say?

Getting There

Vienna International Airport is connected to the city by a sixteen minute train ride on the CAT system. Eight Euros and you're there!

Transportation

Vienna has a smooth, well-built public transportation system. Like Prague, the city layout is organized by numbered districts which begin in the center and radiate outwards.

You can get around here on buses, trams, trains and the underground metro. Don't forget to stamp your ticket in the blue machine!

People and Culture

Well, the border guards still check passports even though Austria is part of the "borderless" Schengen zone. In other words, Austria is a lot more formal than neighboring Slovakia and Czech Republic. Be advised.

Food to sniff around for:

wiener schnitzel -- pounded flat veal, breaded and sauteed in clarified butter.

Eat it with dumplings, chase it with apple strudel, remember it over your palatschinken the next morning (these are like crepes).

And of course, about every forty-five minutes you should be visiting a cafe for another magic coffee. Austrian caffeine addiction is legendary.

Vienna is also one of the world's few capital cities which still has its own vineyards. Go for a Riesling tasting next time you're in town.

Things to do & Recommendations

First off, location is everything. You can get to Vienna by bicycle on the greenway bike path, how cool!

Opera, baby! We didn't really get into detail, but Vienna's opera houses and theaters are some of the best in all of Europe. Visit the Burgtheater, Volkstheater Wien and Theater in der Josefstadt, at the very least.

Across the Danube you should take a stroll through the Karmeliter district, which has a cool art scene and lots of bars. You know how art makes you thirsty.

For late night munchers, head to the area around Naschmarkt, maybe Cafe Drechsler or Grafin vom Naschmarkt, serving traditional Austrian chow for longer than anyone can remember.

If that's not enough, you can throw pretzels in the world's oldest zoo, or maybe even at the Vienna boy's choir, but not in any of the 100+ art museums.

And of course we are skipping all the obvious stuff such as Maria Theresien Platz, the residences of Beethoven, Mozart's grave... the list goes on. Seven centuries of royalty will accumulate quite a bit of architecture and noteworthy collections. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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