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Panorama-Foto von: jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO Fotografiert: 00:23, 04/12/2007 - Views loading...

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上海科技馆(Shanghai Science & Technology Museum)

世界 > 亚洲 > 中国 > 上海

Schlüsselworte: shanghai, china, museum, technology

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Bilder in der Nähe von 上海

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B: 上海世纪广场-雕塑“东方之光”

von jacky cheng, 280 Meter entfernt

上海世纪广场-雕塑“东方之光”

C: 上海东方艺术中心 Shanghai East arts center

von jacky cheng, 560 Meter entfernt

上海东方艺术中心由1953座的东方音乐厅、1020座的东方歌剧厅和333座的东方演奏厅组成。拥有当今国际上最先进的舞台、音响、灯光设备,可以满足交响乐、芭蕾、音乐剧、歌剧、戏剧等不同演出需要。 上海东方...

上海东方艺术中心 Shanghai East arts center

D: 上海科技馆——保尼工作室

von 孙斌, 560 Meter entfernt

上海科技馆是上海重要的科普教育基地和休闲旅游基地。上海科技馆项目占地面积6.8万多平方米,总建筑面积9.8万平方米,展示内容由天地馆、生命馆、智慧馆、创造馆、未来馆等五个主要展馆和临展馆组成,总投资17...

上海科技馆——保尼工作室

E: 上海科技馆——保尼工作室

von 孙斌, 580 Meter entfernt

上海科技馆是上海重要的科普教育基地和休闲旅游基地。上海科技馆项目占地面积6.8万多平方米,总建筑面积9.8万平方米,展示内容由天地馆、生命馆、智慧馆、创造馆、未来馆等五个主要展馆和临展馆组成,总投资17...

上海科技馆——保尼工作室

F: 中国 上海 世纪大道 植物园植物建筑——绿墙

von 刘运增, 970 Meter entfernt

上海世纪大道,从东方明珠至浦东世纪公园全长约5.5公里,宽100米。 世纪大道功能定位为城市景观大道,法国夏氏-德方斯提供的方案设计,将世纪大道中心线向南偏移10米,成为世界上独一无二的不对称道路,气势...

中国 上海 世纪大道 植物园植物建筑——绿墙

G: 中国 上海 上海科技馆——主题: “自然、人、科技”

von 刘运增, 1.0 entfernt

上海科技馆是上海重要的科普教育基地和休闲旅游基地。上海科技馆项目占地面积6.8万多平方米,总建筑面积9.8万平方米,展示内容由天地馆、生命馆、智慧馆、创造馆、未来馆等五个主要展馆和临展馆组成,总投资17...

中国 上海 上海科技馆——主题: “自然、人、科技”

H: pudong

von hui wen, 1.2 entfernt

pudong

pudong

I: 中国 上海 世纪大道 上海地标建筑 世纪辰光大型雕塑——东方之光

von 刘运增, 1.2 entfernt

上海世纪大道,从东方明珠至浦东世纪公园全长约5.5公里,宽100米。 世纪大道功能定位为城市景观大道,法国夏氏-德方斯提供的方案设计,将世纪大道中心线向南偏移10米,成为世界上独一无二的不对称道路,气势...

中国 上海 世纪大道 上海地标建筑 世纪辰光大型雕塑——东方之光

J: 上海世纪公园

von 武斐, 1.3 entfernt

Shanghai century is the largest park indowntown area ,every holiday,there are alot of people come her...

上海世纪公园

Das Panorama wurde in 上海 aufgenommen

Dies ist ein Überblick von 上海

Overview and History

In contrast to the long and deep history of most Chinese cities, the story of Shanghai is rather short and to the point. It began as a fishing village, got rich, and suddenly became the biggest city in China.

Let's see what's at the bottom of it all. Archaeological digs around Shanghai show artifacts dating to the Neolithic Period six thousand years ago, giving evidence of hunters, fishermen and early farmers. During the period of warring states in ancient China, Shanghai was nothing more than a little fishing village. Around the year 200 AD, in the Han Dynasty, Shanghai developed industries of salt production, casting coins and other metallurgic processes.

Over the next five centuries Shanghai grew and became a major food producer for southern China, gathering population and increasing its trading. After the nearby Wusong river filled with silt, Shanghai found a niche as a shipping port and attracted a much wider range of traffickers.

The town of Shanghai was officially established in 1267 AD amidst a swarm of merchant ships doing business. It became one of only seven maritime shipping headquarters in the whole of China.

Industrial development of cotton and textiles combined with the transportation capacity of the port to make Shanghai into the largest cotton producer in the country. International trade began along with the carriage trade along the Yangtze River.

A Customs Office was established in 1685 to collect import taxes in response to the growing arrival of foreign ships. By the nineteenth century Shanghai was a paradise of international trade in textiles, porcelain and industrial raw materials with a large service economy of banking, printing, architecture and pharmaceuticals.

This set the stage for the Opium Wars of the nineteenth Century. The British were doing a booming business taking opium from India and selling it in China, to offset their transportation costs of whatever they wanted to bring back from the "far east." They were annoyed at both the high Chinese import taxes and the prohibition of opium import in the middle of this "Adventurer's Paradise".

Understandably, the Chinese didn't like drug-dealing foreigners turning all their people into addicts! Opium was first used in its medical capacity for stopping diarrhea, but the pharmacists of the day prescribed it everywhere in the world as a cure-all for almost any symptom. By the seventeenth century, thousands of Chinese opium addicts along with a serious smuggling trade had arrived in China's cities. This was the fundamental conflict that led to the Opium Wars of the 1840's and 50's.

Bang! The British had the naval power, China had the ports and desirable location. In the end, a series of treaties left Britain with Hong Kong and China with limitations on how they could rule even their own territory! Other ports and borders were soon opened to international trade and the precedent for the next one hundred years was set. This period is referred to by the Chinese as the time of unequal treaties; their amazing economic growth in recent years is a testament to their long memory of it.

The twentieth century found Shanghai still growing with modern industry and improved production techniques in its factories. The Republic of China was founded in 1912 and in 1927 Shanghai was proclaimed to be a special municipality. It had a Chinese Section, the International Settlement and the French Concession.

Japanese airplanes bombed Shanghai in 1932 and occupied the city as of 1937. They stayed until 1945 when, at the close of WWII, the Communist Party of China regained control of Shanghai. When the Communist party took over in 1949 and closed the borders to foreign investment, the economic development of Shanghai slowed dramatically. Most foreign investors withdrew and moved their offices to Hong Kong. The People's Republic of China ended Shanghai's status as the most cosmopolitan city in China.

Getting There

Fly into Shanghai at one of its two airports, Pudong or Hongqiao. The Pudong airport is connected to the city via the world's first maglev train -- that's a magnetic levitation system where the train doesn't have wheels. It covers the 30km distance in a matter of seven minutes, whooooosh!

Transportation

Public transportation within Shanghai is extensive and well-developed. There are buses, trolleys, taxis and a growing metro system. Their version of a monthly pass is the Shanghai Public Transportation Card. It uses radio frequencies to communicate with the scanner without any physical contact! There's a little microchip in the card that does it as you walk through the entrance. It's an interesting technology which is adaptable to being implanted within humans, too.

The bus system is the most extensive in the world with almost one thousand different lines. Use of the public transport is encouraged by a limited number of vehicle license plates and also gradual restrictions on bicycle riding.

People and Culture

Shanghai's rapid growth has filled it with ambitious people at a high population density. It can feel crowded and competitive just as any other large city like New York or London. Shanghai's art and culture has the reputation of lagging behind its financial growth, however, artists are working to create world-class contributions to represent their city.

Things to do, Recommendations

The Bund is on top of the list of must-see Shanghai spots. It's got a great collection of 20th Century buildings from the time when Shanghai was the financial center of foreign investment.

Stop in at the Shanghai Science and Technology Museum for a look at some of the more recent progress after the Bund.

The Shanghai East arts center is an important symbolic and cultural center which, when seen from above, blooms out from its center like a flower with five petals. It's got the most advanced technical setup of any theater facility in the country and perhaps, the world.

It's not all high-tech, don't worry. Shanghai has some beautiful gardens like this one, the Yuyuan Garden, where you can rest your eyes and refresh your spirits among the balance of nature.

Here you go, the moment you've all been waiting for! It's the Oriental Pearl Broadcasting & TV Tower, second tallest in Asia and fourth tallest in the entire world, behind only the Eiffel Tower in annual visitor numbers! This is the place above all else from which to view Shanghai. Enjoy!

Text by Steve Smith.

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