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Panorama-Foto von: jacky cheng EXPERT MAESTRO Fotografiert: 02:45, 30/01/2008 - Views loading...

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The Imperial Palace-Gate Of Celestial Purity

The World > Asia > China > Beijing

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Does the clear gate (Gate of Celestial Purity) is the Forbidden City imperial palace empress' palace gate. Constructed in the bright Yunglo 18 years (in 1420), the clear Shunzhi 12 years (in 1655) repaired. does the clear gate (Gate of Celestial Purity) surface extravagant 5, depth 3, high approximately 16m, Shan Yan rests the mountain roof, is situated in the high 1.5m white marble stone Xumi place, the week revolves around carves the stone balustrade. The gate first three third-order, is the ways for exclusive use of the emperor stone, both sides row copper fine gold gold lion one pair. Opens three, the leaf installs after the eave spot, the entrance hall is bright. Between two tree tops is the blue brick threshold wall, the side lattice window. Under the eave Shi Danang three step on fights 栱, draws Jinlong and the imperial seal color painting. The gate both sides are eight glyph colored glaze walls screening house from street, high 8m, long 9.7m, the wall heart and branches off the angle by the colored glaze flower decoration, the colored shape nature is lifelike, color gorgeous US is gorgeous, overflows the color in the sunlight illumination obscene light, will do the clear gate to complement magnificently and expensively splendidly. In the gate has the catwalk paved pathway connection to do the clear palace platform. does the clear gate (Gate of Celestial Purity) east for in left gate and the nine chief ministers value room, in the west side the right gate and the imperial military council. Before the gate, the square east and west are Jing Yunmen, the prosperous ancestor gate. Does the clear gate is connects the imperial palace and the outer court intercourse important channel, in the Qing Dynasty concurrently for the processing government affairs' place, the Qing Dynasty “the imperial gate administers the affairs of state”, the treasure ceremony ceremonies and so on fasts, please valuable to meet to do the clear gate hold.

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Bilder in der Nähe von Beijing

map

A: The Forbidden City, Qianqing Palace

von Hung-Chin Wang, 70 Meter entfernt

The Forbidden City,  Qianqing Palace

B: Forbidden city 12 المدينة المحرمة

von Ali Barnawi, 80 Meter entfernt

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

Forbidden city 12 المدينة المحرمة

C: Forbidden City the Outer Palace 紫禁城-外朝 (427)

von Dxinwei, 90 Meter entfernt

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Forbidden City the Outer Palace 紫禁城-外朝 (427)

D: Palace of Heavenly Purity 乾清宫 (457)

von Dxinwei, 90 Meter entfernt

乾清宫:      1、乾清宫是故宫内廷正殿,内廷后三宫之一。黄琉璃瓦重檐庑殿顶,坐落于单层汉白玉石台基之上,连廊面阔9间,进深5间,建筑面积1400平方米,自台面至正脊高20余米,檐角置脊兽9个,檐下...

Palace of Heavenly Purity 乾清宫 (457)

E: Forbidden City, Yuet Wah door Zunyi door 紫禁城-月華門/遵義門 (433)

von Dxinwei, 90 Meter entfernt

月华门:      月华门是乾清宫院落的西门,是乾清宫前庭出入的主要门户之一,门外即西一长街,并与遵义门正对,进遵义门即到达清代皇帝的寝宫养心殿。乾清宫广场东西两侧的日精门与月华门,象征着日月同辉。  ...

Forbidden City, Yuet Wah door Zunyi door 紫禁城-月華門/遵義門 (433)

F: Forbidden City Halls of Harmony

von Piotr Sliwinski, 90 Meter entfernt

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G: Imperial Palace-Baohedian(Beijing)

von jacky cheng, 100 Meter entfernt

Imperial Palace - Baohedian (the Ming Dynasty said that body palace, constructs palace is also Imperi...

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H: Imperial Palace-Palace of Heavenly Purity

von jacky cheng, 100 Meter entfernt

(Palace of Heavenly Purity) is the Imperial Palace imperial palace main hall, imperial palace one of ...

Imperial Palace-Palace of Heavenly Purity

I: Forbidden city 11 المدينة المحرمة

von Ali Barnawi, 110 Meter entfernt

The Forbidden City - المدينة المحرمةThe Palace Museum or the Forbidden City, used as the royal palace...

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J: Hall of Mental Cultivation, Yangxin door 養心門 (439)

von Dxinwei, 130 Meter entfernt

养心门:      养心门,位于养心殿前。紫禁城,西一长街西侧的第一个遵义门,进入遵义门正对面为黄色琉璃照壁,壁照上有琉璃浮雕——双鸭戏荷池。琉璃照壁后有一东西狭长的院落,乾隆十五年(1750年)在院落...

Hall of Mental Cultivation, Yangxin door 養心門 (439)

Das Panorama wurde in Beijing aufgenommen

Dies ist ein Überblick von Beijing

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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