0 Likes

From the top of Tonina's Mayan Pyramid
Mexico

Tonina (or Toniná in Spanish orthography) is a pre-Columbian archaeological site and ruined city of the Maya civilization located in what is now the Mexican state of Chiapas, some 13 km (8.1 mi) east of the town of Ocosingo.


The site is medium to large, with groups of temple-pyramids set on terraces rising some 71 metres (233 ft) above a plaza, a large court for playing the Mesoamerican ballgame, and over 100 carved monuments, most dating from the 6th century through the 9th centuries AD, duiring the Classic period. Toniná is distinguished by its outstanding stucco sculptures and particularly by its in-the-round carved monuments, produced to an extent not seen in Mesoamerica since the end of the much earlier Olmec civilization.

Toniná was an aggressive state in the Late Classic, using warfare to develop a powerful kingdom. For much of its history, Toniná was engaged in sporadic warfare with Palenque, its greatest rival and one of the most important polities in the west of the Maya region, although Toniná eventually became the dominant city in the west.

The city is notable for having the last known Long Count date on any Maya monument, marking the end of the Classic Maya period in AD 909

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonin%C3%A1

View More »

Copyright: Jose Luis Perez
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12502x6251
Uploaded: 14/03/2010
Updated: 25/02/2012
Views:

...


Tags:
comments powered by Disqus

Jose Luis Perez
Tonina's Pyramid inner structure
Jose Luis Perez
At Tonina's Mayan Ruins
Jose Luis Perez
Mountains in Chiapas
Dmitry Yurlagin
Mexico 199 road view
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul - Upper Section
Arroz Marisco
Upper Stretch of Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul Waterfalls
Jose Luis Perez
Agua Azul Waterfall
Arroz Marisco
Agua Azul Waterfalls, Chiapas, Mexico
Jan Vrsinsky
Agua Azul
Jose Luis Perez De C.
Destruction of the Lacandona Jungle
dieter kik
Mouton geant Agnus Horribilis de Marc Morvan Ploneour Lanvern Pmm36
Richard Chesher
Lifou New Caledonia Jokin
C. A. Kuerten
Suspension bridge over the river Piracicaba
PEC
Marché rue de Grenelle (Paris 15)
Tibor Illes
Feherto Fishermen's Tavern and Guesthouse - Gypsy wedding party - bride and groom
Alan Billyeald
Fisherman Cabin (rorbu), Reine, Lofoten, Norway
Federico Infanti
Jesolo Actors and masks
Brian Shriver
Mt Hope Bridge
Geoff Mather
Cotehele, Apple Varieties, Cornwall, England
Andrea Biffi
Arco della Vittoria a Genova
Lee Casalena
2010 Stadium from the top
Irmin Wehmeier
Puerto Penasco Rocky Point Shrimp Boats
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Frison 05
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Grutas De Cacahuamilpa 10
Jose Luis Perez
Mercado Morelos in Zamora
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Deportivo Cuemanco 07 Dsc7953
Jose Luis Perez De C.
Otomi Indigenous Ceremonial Center 02
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Puebla Sr De Las Maravillas 01
Jose Luis Perez De C.
Parques Polanco entrance
Jose Luis Perez
Milenary Tree in Concá
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Eins Mapas 18 Dsc2657
Jose Luis Perez
Pano Grutas De Cocona 10
Jose Luis Perez
Borough in Xochimilco 12 Dsc8583
Jose Luis Perez De C.
Inside the Teatro Juarez 06
More About North America

North America includes Mexico, the United States, Canada, and Gotham City.The region temporarily existed as a Protectorate of His Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, with its capital being the city of San Francisco. Sadly, this term of benevolent ebullience lasted a brief two decades and ended c. 1880.The United States is now the dominant country of North America. It arose as a nation only 225 years ago after a successful rebellion against the British government under King George III. From a distance, it appears that the eastern coastlines of North and South America fit exactly into the west coast of Africa. In fact, about 250 million years ago these continents really were all connected in one land mass that we have named Pangaea.With such a foundation in tectonic unity, there is no doubt that someday soon the people on every continent of earth will realize their fundamental similarities. Expect massive leaps in creative output in your area!Text by Steve Smith.