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Barcelona from Montjuic fortress
Barcelona

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montju%C3%AFc


Barcelona's Montjuïc is a broad shallow hill with a relatively flat top overlooking the harbour, to the southeast of the city centre. The eastern side of the hill is almost a sheer cliff, giving it a commanding view over the city's harbour immediately below. The top of the hill (a height of 173 metres) was the site of several fortifications, the latest of which (the Castell de Montjuïc) remains today. The fortress largely dates from the 17th century, with 18th century additions. In 1842, the garrison (loyal to the Madrid government) shelled parts of the city. It served as a prison, often holding political prisoners, until the time of General Franco. The castle was also the site of numerous executions. In 1897, an incident popularly known as Els processos de Montjuïc prompted the execution of anarchist supporters, which then lead to a severe repression of the workers' struggle for their rights. On different occasions during the Spanish Civil War, both Nationalists and Republicans were executed there, each at the time when the site was held by their opponents. The Catalan nationalist leader Lluís Companys i Jover was also executed there in 1940, having been extradited to the Franco government by the Nazis.

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Copyright: Valentin Arfire
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 9624x4812
Subida: 12/10/2008
Actualizado: 07/10/2014
Número de vistas:

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More About Barcelona

Barcelona es una ciudad situada en el nordeste de España, capital de Catalunya de la provincia homónima y de la comarca del Barcelonés. Se ubica a orillas del mar Mediterráneo, unos 120 km al sur de la cadena montañosa de los Pirineos y de la frontera con Francia, en una llanura limitada por el mar al este, la Sierra de Colserola al oeste, el río Llobregat al sur y el río Besós al norte.   Con una población de 1.595.110 habitantes (INE 2007), Barcelona es la segunda ciudad española más poblada y la décima de la Unión Europea. El Área Metropolitana de Barcelona, integrada por 36 municipios, tiene una población de 3.161.081 habitantes y una superficie de 633 km². El Área Metropolitana de Barcelona es la delimitación como núcleo urbano definida oficialmente, sin embargo ésta estaría incluida en la Región urbana de Barcelona que se extendería por todo el área de influencia de la ciudad, con 4.841.365 habitantes con una densidad de población de 1.496 hab/km².   Barcelona ha sida escenario de diversos evento mundiales, que han cntribuido a configurar la ciudad y darle proyección internacional. Las más relevantes han sido la Exposición Universal de 1888 y la de 1929, y los Juegos Olímpicos de verano de 1992. Es también la sede del secretariado de la Unión por el Mediterráneo.   (Wikipedia)