Kremnica castle town
Mestsky hrad v Kremnici.
Dominantou mesta i arealu hradu je dvojlodovy kostol sv. Katariny (Katarina - patronka mesta). Mestsky hrad vznikal postupne od 13. az do 15. storocia.
Predpoklada sa, ze zlato a striebro sa v Kremnici a jej okoli tazilo uz od 10. storocia, skutocny rozmach tazby vsak nastal az zaciatkom 14. storocia. V roku 1328 udelil uhorsky kral Karol Robert z Anjou osade Cremnychbana privilegia slobodneho kralovskeho banskeho a minciarskeho mesta. Zaroven zalozil mincovnu, ktora pocas staroci svojej existencie vyprodukovala obrovske mnozstvo zlatych i striebornych minci. Kremnicke dukaty, tzv. floreny, patrili k najhodnotnejsim a k najvyhladavanejsim minciam v Europe.
Castle town in Kremnica.
Kremnica belongs to the medieval towns, which, in times of their glory, were attended by monarchs, and other men of note, who had tried to capture the town and possess the rich deposits of gold. It is assumed that gold and silver were minted in Kremnica from the tenth century. However, the real boom came up in the 14th century. In the 1328, the Hungarian King Charles Robert of Anjou granted the settlement of Cremnychbana with privileges of a free royal minting and mining town. At the same time he established the royal mint, which produced large amounts of golden and silver coins. Kremnica's ducats - so called Florins belonged to the most valuable coins in Europe. Ever since it's founding in 1328 Kremnica's mint continues to operate which makes it a rarity within the European mints.
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Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.