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Foto panorámica de yunzen liu PRO EXPERT MAESTRO Tomada 00:19, 15/11/2007 - Views loading...

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests in Temple of Heave

The World > Asia > China > Beijing

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The magnificent and colorful Temple of Heaven (TianTan) was where emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties would offer sacrifices to heaven and pray for good harvests. In 1998, the Temple of Heaven was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.


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Imágenes cercanas en Beijing

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A: The Hall of Imperial Zenith 皇乾殿 (1267)

por Dxinwei, 10 metros de distancia

皇乾殿:      皇乾殿,坐落于祈年殿以北,祈年墙环绕的矩形院落里,由三门式琉璃瓦门与祈年殿相同。皇乾殿是一座庑殿式大殿,覆盖蓝色的琉璃瓦,下面有三层汉白玉石栏杆的祈谷石坛基座。它是专为平时供奉“皇天...

The Hall of Imperial Zenith 皇乾殿 (1267)

B: The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace-2008

por jacky cheng, 10 metros de distancia

The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace:The emperor does the palace is prays Gu Tan “the day s...

The Temple of Heaven - emperor does the palace-2008

C: White marble Altar of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈谷石坛 (1273)

por Dxinwei, 40 metros de distancia

祈谷石坛:      祈谷坛的祭坛为坛殿结合的圆形建筑,是根据古代“屋下祭帝”的说法建立的。坛为三层汉白玉石坛,高5.6米,下层直径91米,中层直径80米,上层直径68米;石坛东西南北四个方向均有楼梯通...

White marble Altar of Prayer for Good Harvest  祈谷石坛 (1273)

D: Temple of Heaven / 天坛 /天坛/ Tiāntán/ Northside / facing Temple of Harvest

por Florian Frey // studiobaff.com, 50 metros de distancia

The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven (simplified Chinese: 天坛; traditional Chinese: 天壇;...

Temple of Heaven / 天坛 /天坛/ Tiāntán/ Northside / facing Temple of Harvest

E: Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2008

por jacky cheng, 90 metros de distancia

the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest:Constructed in the bright Yunglo 18 years (in 1420), initially th...

Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2008

F: The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈年殿 (1261)

por Dxinwei, 100 metros de distancia

祈年殿:      祈年殿,始建于明永乐十八年(1420年),初名“大祈殿”,原为矩形大殿,嘉靖二十四年(1545年)改为三重顶圆殿,殿顶覆盖上青、中黄、下绿三色琉璃寓意天、地、万物。清乾隆十六年(17...

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest 祈年殿 (1261)

G: Temple of Heaven

por Hung-Chin Wang, 100 metros de distancia

The temple was a place which the Ming and Qing dynasties' emperors hold the annual prayer ceremony fo...

Temple of Heaven

H: Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2-2008

por jacky cheng, 140 metros de distancia

the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest:Constructed in the bright Yunglo 18 years (in 1420), initially th...

Beijing Temple of Heaven - qiniandian-2-2008

I: Pray Valley Altar 祈谷坛 (1255)

por Dxinwei, 160 metros de distancia

祈谷坛:      祈谷坛,建于明永乐十八年(1420年),主要建筑有祈年殿、皇乾殿、东西配殿、祈年门、神厨、宰牲亭、长廊,附属建筑有内外墙、具服台、丹陛桥,内坛墙上东南西北各设天门,西外坛墙设祈谷坛门...

Pray Valley Altar 祈谷坛 (1255)

J: Temple of Heaven-seventy-two gallery 天坛长廊 (1213)

por Dxinwei, 300 metros de distancia

天坛长廊:      天坛长廊,也叫七十二长廊。祈年殿东边,在内墙东门外,有72间走廊,是祈谷寺的附属建筑。为连檐通脊式的一面暖房,北面砌砖南面安设大窗门,俗称“七十二连房”。长廊中部偏北,有五间“神库...

Temple of Heaven-seventy-two gallery 天坛长廊 (1213)

Este panorama fue tomado en Beijing

Esta es una vista general de Beijing

Overview and History

In the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.

The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)

Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.

By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.

The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.

Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!

Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.

By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."

In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."

Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.

The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.

The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.

Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.

Getting There

The Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.

The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!

Transportation

Within the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!

The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.

People and Culture

One of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.

Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.

Things to do, Recommendations

Beijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:

The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.

If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!

Text by Steve Smith.

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