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Yuyuan Garden-Meets the scenery building scenic area
Shanghai

(Yuyuan Garden),Located at the Shanghai old city northeast, north depending on blesses and protects the road, east near the being content with virtue street, the southwest and the old town god's temple, the Yuyuan commercial city is connected. It is the Ming Dynasty botanical garden which the old city only saves. In the garden the pavilion diversity, the mountain stone is towering, lake light Lian yan, is known as “the wonderfully beautiful armor south of Yangzi River” the reputation. Yuyuan builds in the bright Jiajing year, is the Pan private garden originally. Yuyuan builds in 1559, was had 400 remaining years of life histories. She is a Ming Dynasty personal garden originally, occupies a land area of 30 Chinese acres. In the garden had an ear of hall, the big rockery, the hard lion, the quick building, the month building, the jade exquisite, to accumulate jade Shui Lang, to listen to the Tao Chinese style pavilion, to contain the blue building, in the garden to observe calmly pavilion Taiwan pavilions as well as the rockery, the pond and so on hall, ancient stage and so on 40 ancient architecture, the design is exquisite, the layout was exquisite, by quiet and beautiful beautiful, grew perceptibly exquisitely carved, has slightly sees the major characteristic, manifested the Ming and Qing Dynasties two generation of south garden structure art the style, was in a south of Yangzi River historic garden pearl. 

Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7752x3876
Subida: 24/02/2009
Actualizado: 18/06/2014
Número de vistas:

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Tags: china; yuyuan garden; shanghai; area
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Overview and HistoryIn contrast to the long and deep history of most Chinese cities, the story of Shanghai is rather short and to the point. It began as a fishing village, got rich, and suddenly became the biggest city in China.Let's see what's at the bottom of it all. Archaeological digs around Shanghai show artifacts dating to the Neolithic Period six thousand years ago, giving evidence of hunters, fishermen and early farmers. During the period of warring states in ancient China, Shanghai was nothing more than a little fishing village. Around the year 200 AD, in the Han Dynasty, Shanghai developed industries of salt production, casting coins and other metallurgic processes.Over the next five centuries Shanghai grew and became a major food producer for southern China, gathering population and increasing its trading. After the nearby Wusong river filled with silt, Shanghai found a niche as a shipping port and attracted a much wider range of traffickers.The town of Shanghai was officially established in 1267 AD amidst a swarm of merchant ships doing business. It became one of only seven maritime shipping headquarters in the whole of China.Industrial development of cotton and textiles combined with the transportation capacity of the port to make Shanghai into the largest cotton producer in the country. International trade began along with the carriage trade along the Yangtze River.A Customs Office was established in 1685 to collect import taxes in response to the growing arrival of foreign ships. By the nineteenth century Shanghai was a paradise of international trade in textiles, porcelain and industrial raw materials with a large service economy of banking, printing, architecture and pharmaceuticals.This set the stage for the Opium Wars of the nineteenth Century. The British were doing a booming business taking opium from India and selling it in China, to offset their transportation costs of whatever they wanted to bring back from the "far east." They were annoyed at both the high Chinese import taxes and the prohibition of opium import in the middle of this "Adventurer's Paradise".Understandably, the Chinese didn't like drug-dealing foreigners turning all their people into addicts! Opium was first used in its medical capacity for stopping diarrhea, but the pharmacists of the day prescribed it everywhere in the world as a cure-all for almost any symptom. By the seventeenth century, thousands of Chinese opium addicts along with a serious smuggling trade had arrived in China's cities. This was the fundamental conflict that led to the Opium Wars of the 1840's and 50's.Bang! The British had the naval power, China had the ports and desirable location. In the end, a series of treaties left Britain with Hong Kong and China with limitations on how they could rule even their own territory! Other ports and borders were soon opened to international trade and the precedent for the next one hundred years was set. This period is referred to by the Chinese as the time of unequal treaties; their amazing economic growth in recent years is a testament to their long memory of it.The twentieth century found Shanghai still growing with modern industry and improved production techniques in its factories. The Republic of China was founded in 1912 and in 1927 Shanghai was proclaimed to be a special municipality. It had a Chinese Section, the International Settlement and the French Concession.Japanese airplanes bombed Shanghai in 1932 and occupied the city as of 1937. They stayed until 1945 when, at the close of WWII, the Communist Party of China regained control of Shanghai. When the Communist party took over in 1949 and closed the borders to foreign investment, the economic development of Shanghai slowed dramatically. Most foreign investors withdrew and moved their offices to Hong Kong. The People's Republic of China ended Shanghai's status as the most cosmopolitan city in China.Getting ThereFly into Shanghai at one of its two airports, Pudong or Hongqiao. The Pudong airport is connected to the city via the world's first maglev train -- that's a magnetic levitation system where the train doesn't have wheels. It covers the 30km distance in a matter of seven minutes, whooooosh!TransportationPublic transportation within Shanghai is extensive and well-developed. There are buses, trolleys, taxis and a growing metro system. Their version of a monthly pass is the Shanghai Public Transportation Card. It uses radio frequencies to communicate with the scanner without any physical contact! 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Enjoy!Text by Steve Smith.