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Shirin Art Gallery Dec 2013 Mohammad Khodashenas 02

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باستان‌شناسی گذشته‌ی نزدیک
تاریخ انباشتِ‌ روزهای معمولی است، انباشتِ نشانه‌ها، مُدها، فراگیر شدنِ‌مدها و بعد فراموش شدن‌شان. تاریخ تنها چیزهایی را در خاطر نگه می‌دارد که از فرطِ تکرار نخ‌نما و کلیشه شده‌اند. تاریخ انباشتِ کلیشه‌ها است. وقتی این تاریخِ کلیشه‌ای به گذشته‌ی نزدیک می‌رسد حتا وضعش بدتر می‌شود. در گذشته‌ی نزدیک همه‌چیز ناواضح و معوج است. به نظر می‌رسد همه چیز در خاطره‌مان هست، خیال می‌کنیم کافی است فقط به آن فکر کنیم تا به خاطرمان بیاید به همین‌ دلیل آن‌چه از بیست‌سال و سی‌سال پیش در نظرمان است هیچ تاریخ محسوب نمی‌شود. گذشته‌ی نزدیک آن‌قدرها تاریخ به نظرمان نمی‌آید اما به همان‌اندازه انباشته از کلیشه‌ها است.  
برای لایه‌لایه دیدنِ این گذشته‌ی نزدیک ، برای دیدنِ این انباشتِ نشانه‌ها، انباشتِ مدها، برای لایه‌‌برداری از تاریخی که این‌قدر به هم چسبیده که قابل تفکیک نیست و از دور یکپارچه به نظر می‌رسد ظرافتی بیشتر از معمول لازم است، تیغی تیزتر، با امکان تراش در مقیاس‌های روزها و هفته‌ها.
ترسی ندارم که بگویم محمدخداشناس آن تیغِ روزتراش است. آن تیغِ هفته‌تراش. از تحلیل سال‌ها و دهه گذشته، او با نقاشی‌هایش روزهایی را دوباره به خاطرمان می‌آورد که خیال می‌کردیم کافی است به آن‌ها فکر کنیم اما هر چه فکر کردیم به یادمان نیامدند چون در انباشتِ روزهای دیگری فراموش شده بودند. نقاشی‌های محمدخداشناس خاطره‌ی ما است.
محمد طلوعي



Archaeology of the Close Past

History is an accumulation of common days, accumulation of signs, trends,
and then oblivion of the vogue. History only keeps things that have become
threadbare and stereotyped over excessive repetition. History is an
accumulation of stereotypes. It gets even worse when the stereotypical
history tends to approach the closer past. Everything seems indistinct and
distorted in the closer past. Everything seems to be in our memories; As
soon as we think about something, we surmise that it will revive in our
memories, and that is probably why we do not regard as history what we have
in mind of the events of twenty or thirty years ago. The close past is not
considered history and it is nontheless saturated with stereotypes.

It requires an extra-usual precision, in order to see layer after layer
through the close past, to see the accumulation of signs, accumulation of
trends, to peel such an extricable skintight, monolithic history; - a
better-cutting razor that can carve in the scale of days and weeks.

I dare say that Mohammad Khodashenas is the day-carving razor, the
week-carving blade. By probing into the years and decades of the past, he
reminds us – through his paintings – of the days that we had thought we can
easily think about, but the more we attempt to think of them the less we
remember as they have been forgotten among the accumulated days of the
past. The paintings of Mohammad Khodashenas are our memories.

محمد طلوعی

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باستان‌شناسی گذشته‌ی نزدیکتاریخ انباشتِ‌ روزهای معمولی است، انباشتِ نشانه‌ها، مُدها، فراگیر شدنِ‌مدها...

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Shirin Art Gallery Oct Nov 2012 Safa Boroumand Horse Silence Movment 02

Este panorama fue tomado en Tehran

Esta es una vista general de Tehran

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.

Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.

But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.

In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.

The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.

The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."

Getting There

Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.

Transportation

Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.

The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.

Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.

Things to do, Recommendations

Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.

If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.

Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.

Tehran is also full of museums such as:

the Contemporary Art Museum

the Abghine Musuem (glass works)

the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum

the museum of carpets (!!!)

Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures

and most stunning of all,

the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.

Text by Steve Smith.

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