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四川-安岳县-八庙卧佛-石刻-5
Sichuan Province

四川省安岳县是目前中国已知的中国古代佛教造像遗址最集中的县,目前已发现历代石窟造像200处,造像10万余尊,其中尤以唐代造像的宏伟和宋代造像的精美著称于世,在中国石刻艺术史上具有上承云冈、龙门,下启大足石刻的特殊地位。

安岳八庙卧佛位于四川省资阳市安岳县八庙乡卧佛沟。距安岳县县城39公里,八庙乡场镇5公里,地处安岳、安居交界处。卧佛院摩崖造像和刻经年代始于唐开元十一年(723)以前,大规模造像刻经在唐开元年间,从宋代起逐渐衰退。由盛唐高僧玄应及以后的僧俗共同营造。是集石刻文化与自然生态景观为一体的休闲度假旅游区。 

卧佛院在长约一公里的卧佛沟两侧高约20米的崖壁上,存留着大批刻造于唐代、五代、北宋的摩崖石刻造像和石刻佛经,其造像区长达865米,龛窟142个。有石刻造像1613尊,石刻佛经15窟,碑刻、题记、经幢、异兽图像等数十处。摩崖造像以佛教禅宗为主,间有密宗造像,题材多达57种。造像中的人物、器物、动物等形象逼真,气韵生动,情态万千,神态自然,是中国中期石刻艺术鼎盛时期作品中的佼佼者。景点有:释迦说法图、涅盘经变(卧化)、三身佛、弥勒佛、千佛、千手观音、经幢、石刻佛经等。 

卧佛院石刻造像尤以构图奇特,立意新颖,雕工精绝的“释迦牟尼涅盘图”(卧化佛)闻名于世,为我国最大的唐代全身石刻卧佛造像,是中国唯一一处左胁卧的“涅盘图”,是全国现存最早,最完整的全身卧佛像,堪与乐山大佛——世界第一大弥勒坐佛媲美,具有极高的美学观赏价值和历史研究价值。整个造像依山取势、精心设计、大胆创新,由三组造像构成,占整个崖面300余平方米。上面一组造像是释加牟尼涅盘前的说法图,中间一组为唐代“释迦牟尼涅盘图” 卧佛造像。卧佛面南背北,侧身横卧于岩壁间,全长23米,曲眉丰颐,坦胸露肌,形态端庄。头东脚西,左胁而卧,与佛经“北首右胁卧”、“枕手累双足”相悖,更显独到神秘之势。下边一组造像为佛经变故事。 

卧佛院有15窟,字数达40余万字的石刻佛经。经文为从右至左直行阴刻楷书或行书,字迹工整,雕工精湛,是典型的唐代书法。其刻工和书法被公认为举世双绝。经文主要有:《佛名经》、《大般涅盘经》、《妙法莲华经》、《阿弥陀经》、《檀三藏经》、《金光明经》、《维摩诘所说经》等70余部、300余卷、品,当推中国之冠。刻经对于研究佛教典籍、校正佛经版本,提供了珍贵的原始依据。其中,第73号经窟所刻的《檀三藏经》,是中国藏经中的绝版;第46号经窟所刻唐代著名高僧静泰撰写的《一切经论目序》,是中国石刻佛经中唯一留存的孤本,被方家称为“普天下仅此一刻”。卧佛院景区石刻造像和刻经,是研究我国唐、五代和北宋政治、经济、文化、宗教发展史的珍贵实物资料,是闻名中外的川中旅游胜地。

Copyright: Jacky Cheng
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12000x6000
Subida: 21/12/2013
Actualizado: 19/06/2014
Número de vistas:

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Tags: sichuan; anyue; eight; temple; reclining buddha; carved stone
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More About Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province, the "River"or "Shu", the provincial capital of Chengdu, located in southwest China, the Yangtze River, in longitude 97 ° 21 '~ 108 ° 31', latitude 26 ° 03 '~ 34 ° 19' between. To benefits, benefit, Azusa, Kui four named, the province of the total area of 48.5 square kilometers. Brief plateau phase the west, east of the Three Gorges Xianfeng overlap, north of Qinling Bashan barriers surround the south Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the formation of a famous Sichuan Basin. Sichuan Province, vast land and has a long history since ancient times to enjoy the "Land of Abundance"reputation.