0 Likes

The Circular Mound Altar-fan-shaped stone 扇形石 (1345)
Beijing

圜丘坛扇形石:

      天坛的圜丘台,建于明嘉靖九年(1530年),原是一座三层蓝色琉璃圆台,清乾隆十四年(1749年)扩建,将坛面、栏板、栏柱改换北京房山特产的“艾叶青”石。台高一丈六尺,三层四出陛。

      圜丘坛上中下三个层坛面的扇形石,每层扇形石铺设的块数都是9或9的倍数,上层以“天心石”为中心,分别铺有9圈。第一圈是9块,第二圈是18块,以9的倍数依次递增,直到第九圈81块为止铺满上层。中、下层铺设的方法与上层相类似,三层坛面共用378个“九”,共用了3402块扇形石。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8340x4170
Subida: 10/01/2014
Actualizado: 08/08/2014
Número de vistas:

...


Tags: altar
comments powered by Disqus

jacky cheng
天坛-圜丘台-2008
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-Heavenly Centre Stone 天心石 (1351)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-South Lingxing gate 南棂星门 (1333)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar East Lingxing Gate 东棂星门 (1327)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-West Lingxing gate 西棂星门 (1339)
jacky cheng
天坛-圜丘台-2-2008
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-North Lingxing Gate 北棂星门 (1321)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-lamp Post 望灯杆 (1363)
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar-Firewood Stove 燔柴炉 (1357)
Dxinwei
Imperial Vault of Heaven 皇穹宇 (1303)
jacky cheng
The imperial Vault of Heaven-2008
yunzen liu
北京 世界文化遗产 UNESCO天坛——北京十大必游景点 皇穹宇 回音壁
Rahim hamada-www.deja-view.org
white desert lunch camp area
heiwa4126
Inubōsaki Lighthouse
Josef Švejnoha
The new year fireworks
Massimo Storari
Climbing Kongoryn Els - MONGOLIA
Marek Koszorek
Climbing on Slieve Bearnagh
Tina Gauer & Oli Burle - www.360tourist.net
Fruit stand in Old Market
Gerhard Fischer
Bootssteg in Hallstatt, Upper Austria
heiwa4126
Byobugaura cliffs
Jedsada Puangsaichai
Replica of The Footprint of the Lord Buddha Saraburi, Ancient Siam, Thailand
Lev Romanov
plavuchiy kran azov
Petr Kolčář
Insel Krk - Croatia
Andreas Brett
Half Dome, Yosemite National Park
Dxinwei
The Circular Mound Altar East Lingxing Gate 东棂星门 (1327)
Dxinwei
Italy, Spain,France amorous feelings garden 意、法、西班牙风情园 (283)
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park 陶然亭公园-佳境坊 (1399)
Dxinwei
Wuxi Yuantouzhu Park鼋渚春涛(463)
Dxinwei
Jinshan mountain West watching 金山西眺 (115)
Dxinwei
Xijin Ferry Creative blocks 西津渡创意街区 (337)
Dxinwei
Wang Jiaxiang's former residence Garden 故居庭院 (420)
Dxinwei
Nanshan Bamboo Sea南山竹海-景区入口(001)
Dxinwei
Xiao Lianzhuang Rockery 小莲庄假山 (241)
Dxinwei
Changxing Ancient Ginkgo Corridor古银杏长廊-村南一隅(157)
Dxinwei
Tianning Temple 东南第一叢林(121)
Dxinwei
Jinshan square 金山广场 (241)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.