The park was planned simultaneously with the hospital buildings and created 1868-1872 and is thus part of a design unit. The main building was originally surrounded by small special gardens, to which the patients of the various departments had direct access. In the south and west of the actual park are walking paths, rest areas, a pond with a bridge, a fountain and a bowling alley. The medieval buildings in the southeast had been incorporated into the park. The park and the most special gardens were designed in the so-called late style landscape garden, the extensive vegetable and fruit gardens in the east in geometric style. This deliberate juxtaposition of the two competing styles of the period is something very unusual. The generously proportioned plants were not only served for representation and self-sufficiency. Their purpose was also to contribute to the well-being and recovery of patients. Striking is the generosity and grandeur of the Königsfelden institution that may not be taken for granted. The cost of the gardens were one of the largest items in the building accounts.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.