Barbican of Kraków and Florian Gate
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Photo panoramique par Karol Kwiatek EXPERT Pris 23:49, 31/07/2008 - Views loading...

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Barbican of Kraków and Florian Gate

The World > Europe > Poland > Krakow

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The Barbican of Kraków (Polish: Barbakan Krakowski) is a fortified outpost or gateway – a barbican – one of the few remaining relics of the complex network of fortifications and defensive barriers encircling the city of Kraków, Poland. It currently serves as a tourist attraction and a location of many multidisciplinary exhibitions.
Based on Arabic rather than European defensive architecture, this masterpiece of medieval military engineering with its circular fortress was added to the city's fortifications in the late 15th century.
Barbakan is one of the very few surviving structures of its kind in Europe, built around 1498. It is a moated cylindrical brick structure with an inner courtyard and seven turrets. Its 3-metre thick walls have 130 embrasures. Barbakan was originally linked to the city walls through the Florian Gate by a covered passage-way. On its eastern wall is a tablet commemorating the feat of the Kraków burgher, Marcin Oracewicz who, during the Confederation of Bar, defended the town against the Russians and shot the enemy colonel, Panin. (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbican_of_Krak%C3%B3w)

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Images à proximité de Krakow

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B: Kraków

Par Maciej G. Szling, à 20 mètres

Kraków

C: Barbakan

Par Maciej G. Szling, à 30 mètres

Barbakan

D: Barbakan as seen from the inner balcony near the staircase

Par Jan Mulder, à 30 mètres

The fortification Barbakan just outside the wall of the old city of Krakow has been nicely renovated ...

Barbakan as seen from the inner balcony near the staircase

E: Chapel in Florianska gate

Par Jan Mulder, à 30 mètres

In the tower of Florianska gate with a nicely decorated chapel is present, which is accessible as par...

Chapel in Florianska gate

F: Florianska gate, Krakow

Par Jan Mulder, à 30 mètres

Florianska gate in the city wall, with a look out to Florianska street on the south and to the Planty...

Florianska gate, Krakow

G: Barbakan, centre of the court yard

Par Jan Mulder, à 40 mètres

The fortification Barbakan just outside the wall of the old city of Krakow has been nicely renovated ...

Barbakan, centre of the court yard

H: On top of Florianska gate with look out in Florianska street

Par Jan Mulder, à 40 mètres

On the balcony of the city wall just above the Florianska gate with a look out into Florianska street...

On top of Florianska gate with look out in Florianska street

I: Madonna under the Florianska gate

Par Jan Mulder, à 40 mètres

Down south the Maria church can be discerned, up north the fortification Barbakan. Photo's taken on D...

Madonna under the Florianska gate

J: Brama Florianska Krakow Eq

Par Jann Lipka, à 40 mètres

Brama Florianska Krakow Eq

Ce panorama é été pris à Krakow, Europe

Ceci est un aperçu de Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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