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Eingang Spanische Hofreitschule
Vienna
Copyright: Freiermuth Hanspeter
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12062x6031
Chargée: 21/10/2012
Mis à jour: 24/10/2012
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Bernhard Vogl
Hofburg, Michaelertrakt inside
Florian Frey // studiobaff.com
Viennna Hofburg St. Michael's Wing Dome
Jeffrey Martin
Michaelerplatz & Hofburg
Valentin Arfire
July 5 2008 Vienna Cityscape M
Gary Quigg
Michaelerplatz & Hofburg Palace #4
Federico Infanti
Vienna Hofburg
Freiermuth Hanspeter
Michaerlerplatz
Gary Quigg
Michaelerplatz & Hofburg Palace #1
Tomás Manta
Austria, Wien, Hofburg, Michaelerplatz
Viktor Vokic
Hofburg Imperial Palace - Michaelerplatz (St. Michael's Wing)
Gary Quigg
Michaelerplatz & Hofburg Palace #7
Viktor Vokic
Statue of Emperor Francis II - Hofburg Palace
Martin Broomfield
View over Wakefield, Quebec
Dmitriy Krasko
The main staircase old apartment building
Flyprod.aerial - Franck Marchand Maillet
Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval - Haute Savoie - By Flyprod
James L. Tanner
Giant Sequoias near the General Grant Tree, Sequoia National Park, California USA
Furman Artjem
Sunset at the beach in Polenovo
Alexander Ruttgers
empty land
Calvin K McDonald
Crooked Lake, Sawtooth National Wilderness, Idaho, USA
Arroz Marisco
The Ancient Salt Trade Route between Nepal and Tibet
Milan Toman - SpotOn s.r.o.
Malomerice freight train station
Juan Jose Perez
Under the Eiffel Tower Paris, France
Juan Jose Perez
Holocaust Monument Berlin, Germany
bauer naturfoto
Genkingen talmuehle 01
Freiermuth Hanspeter
Schloss Scho Nbrunn
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bike point Zeiningen, Mountain and road bike shop
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Ålesund Harbour
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Svolvaer Fishing Port
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Madame Tussauds Galerie Wien
Freiermuth Hanspeter
Stätzerhorn
Freiermuth Hanspeter
Ålesund Harbour
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Svolvaer Hurtigruten Port
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Art in the Forest
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Cheisacher Tower
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Madame Tussauds Stars
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Zeiningen im Frühling
More About Vienna

Overview and HistoryThe history of Vienna is synonymous with that of Europe's biggest empire, so hang on to your weiner schnitzel.Vienna was named "Vindomina" by Celtic tribesmen around 500 B.C. The Romans called it "Vindobona", which means "good wine," and some remains from the Roman garrison there can be found at Hoher Market. Since it was on the outskirts of the Roman Empire, it suffered much chaos and destruction during Volkerwanderung (AKA "let's pillage").Throughout the later Middle Ages Vienna lived under the rule of the Babenberg family. They steadfastly warded off those persistent Mongolian raiders who keep popping up just when you least expect them.During the third great Crusade (1192 A.D), Richard the Lionhearted was captured near Vienna and held for a ransom most foul which amounted to eleven tons of silver! This tidy sum was collected from England and used for the creation of a mint and city walls, major steps in Vienna's ascension to proper city status.Good old kidnapping, who can get enough of it? You can still see remains of these city walls in the metro stop at Stubentor.1278 A.D. marked the beginning of Hapsburg rule over the Austrian lands, snatched from the clutches of Bohemian King Otokar II. This reign would last almost seven centuries and grow to be Europe's largest empire.Vienna twice defended against Ottoman attackers in the 16th and 17th centuries. As the story goes, the Viennese strained coffee technique traces its roots back to these Turks, who left sacks of coffee beans in the wake of their hasty retreat.Emperor Josef II granted freedom of religious expression in 1781, immediately attracting the likes of Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven. These composers created masterpieces of western music in service of the blossoming Viennese opera houses and concert halls.Vienna officially became capital of the Austrian Empire in 1804, of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after 1867, and capital of First Austrian Republic after WWI. The Hapsburg dynasty ended in 1918 with the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, which launched WWI.Between the two World Wars, Austria experienced a revolution (the February Uprising) and autocratic government. Austria was captured by Germany and then Russia during WWII, but emerged as a sovereign nation again at the end of the war. However, it remained a divided and occupied city for another ten years, a period when international espionage cloaked more than a dagger or two within its four bristling regions.In recent history Vienna has become like a second capital of Europe after Brussels. In the 1970's Vienna built the Vienna International Center, a complex to house one of the four United Nations offices. Along with the UN, this complex houses OPEC headquarters, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Nuclear Test Ban Organization, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Did you know that OSCE is the world's largest intergovernmental organization?I wonder what Sigmund Freud would say?Getting ThereVienna International Airport is connected to the city by a sixteen minute train ride on the CAT system. Eight Euros and you're there! TransportationVienna has a smooth, well-built public transportation system. Like Prague, the city layout is organized by numbered districts which begin in the center and radiate outwards.You can get around here on buses, trams, trains and the underground metro. Don't forget to stamp your ticket in the blue machine!People and CultureWell, the border guards still check passports even though Austria is part of the "borderless" Schengen zone. In other words, Austria is a lot more formal than neighboring Slovakia and Czech Republic. Be advised.Food to sniff around for:wiener schnitzel -- pounded flat veal, breaded and sauteed in clarified butter.Eat it with dumplings, chase it with apple strudel, remember it over your palatschinken the next morning (these are like crepes).And of course, about every forty-five minutes you should be visiting a cafe for another magic coffee. Austrian caffeine addiction is legendary.Vienna is also one of the world's few capital cities which still has its own vineyards. Go for a Riesling tasting next time you're in town.Things to do & RecommendationsFirst off, location is everything. You can get to Vienna by bicycle on the greenway bike path, how cool!Opera, baby! We didn't really get into detail, but Vienna's opera houses and theaters are some of the best in all of Europe. Visit the Burgtheater, Volkstheater Wien and Theater in der Josefstadt, at the very least.Across the Danube you should take a stroll through the Karmeliter district, which has a cool art scene and lots of bars. You know how art makes you thirsty.For late night munchers, head to the area around Naschmarkt, maybe Cafe Drechsler or Grafin vom Naschmarkt, serving traditional Austrian chow for longer than anyone can remember.If that's not enough, you can throw pretzels in the world's oldest zoo, or maybe even at the Vienna boy's choir, but not in any of the 100+ art museums.And of course we are skipping all the obvious stuff such as Maria Theresien Platz, the residences of Beethoven, Mozart's grave... the list goes on. Seven centuries of royalty will accumulate quite a bit of architecture and noteworthy collections. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.