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Omokdae Pavilion, Jeonju
Korea

한벽당과 전주향교의 북쪽 4차선 노변, 벼랑같이 솟은 언덕에 세워진 오목대는 고려 말 우왕 6년(1380년)에 이성계가 운봉 황산에서 왜군을 무찌르고 돌아가던 중 조상인 목조가 살았던 이 곳에 들러 승전을 자축한 곳으로, 그 후 고종 황제가 친필로 쓴 태조고황 제주필유지비를 세웠다.

여기서 육교를 건너서 이목대가 있는데, 천주교의 성지 치명자산이 있는 승암산 발치에 위치한다. 오목대에서 육교를 건너면 70m 윗쪽으로 이목대가 있는데 건물이 있는 80m 아래쪽에 비석과 비각을 세웠다. 이 비 속에는 목조대왕 구거유지라 새겨져 있는데 고종 황제의 친필이다. 목조는 조선조를 건국한 이태조의 5대조로, 목조가 어릴 때 이 곳에서 진법놀이를 하면서 살았던 유적지로 알려져 있으며, 그러한 내용이 용비어천가에도 나타나 있다.

목조가 당시의 전주부사와의 불화로 이곳에서 함경도로 옮겨간 것이 이성계로 하여금 조선조를 건국할 수 있었던 계기가 되었으므로, 이를 하늘의 뜻이라고 여겼다 한다.

Copyright: Min Heo
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8000x4000
Chargée: 13/07/2010
Mis à jour: 30/09/2014
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Korea is one of the oldest continuous civilizations in the world with over five thousand years of history. According to the original creation myth, the world we live in today is the work of the Heavenly Prince Hwanung, whose father was the King of Heaven.The Heavenly Prince asked his father to give him some land to govern, so the Father sent him down to Mount Taebaek. With him the Prince brought the Minister of Clouds, the Earl of Rain and the Chancellor of Wind. They also brought three thousand helpers.Under the shade of a sandalwood tree the Prince founded a holy city called Sinsi, the City of God. He put his Ministers in charge of three hundred and sixty areas of human culture, teaching them to grow crops and to make laws concerning what is good and what is evil.A tiger and a bear living in a nearby cave saw this city and desperately wanted to become human. Every day they came to the sandalwood tree at the center of the city to pray fervently for becoming humans.Hwanung saw their devotion and gave them instructions to remain in the cave and fast for one month, eating nothing but garlic and mugwort. The tiger was too impatient to stand the long and boring days in the cave, so he gave up and left, but Bear maintained the fast. At the end of the month she was transformed into a beautiful woman who became the mother of the Korean people.Her first son was Don-gun, the First King of the Korean people. When Don-Gun passed on the throne to his own son, he became a Mountain God. It is interesting that mountain gods are still worshipped today in Korea.Text by Steve Smith.