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Glacier Perito Moreno (257 square kilometers, 30 kilometers in length, get to measure 70 meters on the level of the water, although he remains seated on the bed from the lake to 170 meters of depth) _ The most visited, but not therefore greatest. This ice language enters 250 kilometers in the mountain range. It presents/displays different range from blue colorations, result of the reflection of the light in the oxygen molecules that are catched in the compacted snow. He is the unique one of the park that allows that the visitors walk on him. It was discovered by the captain of the Chilean army Juan Rogers in 1879, the name received in 1899 of Perito Moreno in tribute to the great naturalist and Argentine explorer that, paradoxicalally never reached to see it in person. Until the decade of the 1990 was considered it like the only glacier of the world in advance process. The phenomenon of the rupture of its frontal walls summons to thousands of tourists. The last breakings were in 1970, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1984 and last the great rupture was the 17 of February of 1988. The time between a rupture and the following one she is variable, the experts say that it is not possible to be predicted when it will be the last rupture. One takes place when: the front of the glacier advances towards the peninsula of Magallanes, when closing itself the water-drainage of Brazo Rico, the level of the water raises between 13 and 25 meters; the water erodes the ice by its weaker point and causes the landslide of the dock and when the front of the glacier advances again on the channel until touching the coast, the process is reinitiated.
South America makes up the southern half of the Americas and a large part of Latin America. It's home to the world's longest mountain range, biggest waterfall and largest river -- even these mammoths pale in comparison to the stunning variety of life forms thriving in the rainforest. To the northwest, off the coast of Ecuador, lie the Galapagos Islands, which are unique for hosting species not found anywhere else on earth. These were the subject of study for Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution, which he himself said will require proof in every single case. The main languages in South America are Spanish and Portugese, which basically tells you which European countries colonized the place. The South American wars of independence took place over two decades in the early 19th century, led by Simon Bolivar of Venezuela and Jose san Martin of Argentina. Following liberation from Portugal and Spain, South America took off into its own development, capitalizing on the rich deposits of oil, gold, copper, silver and tango musicians. Brazil is the largest country in South America and home to one of the world's best parties, Carnaval. Have you heard of samba music? How about bossa nova? Maybe dancing for three days straight? I can't say enough good things about South America. All the world's continents have amazing secrets and treasures laying in wait for your discovery, but in South America... just have a look at our pictures while you're waiting for online confirmation of your plane tickets to hit your inbox.Text by Steve Smith.