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Spaarndammerbuurt, Amsterdam (2009)
Amsterdam

De Spaarndammerbuurt is een buurt in Amsterdam-West in Amsterdam, in de Nederlandse provincie Noord-Holland. De buurt ontleende zijn naam aan de Spaarndammerdijk en -straat, die de noordelijke en oostelijke begrenzing vormt. Aan de zuidzijde grenst de buurt aan de vroegere spoorlijn via de Hembrug naar Zaandam, thans deel van het terrein van de werkplaats van de Nederlandse Spoorwegen. De Spaarndammerbuurt vormt samen met de Staatsliedenbuurt, de Zeeheldenbuurt en de Frederik Hendrikbuurt sinds1990 het Stadsdeel Westerpark.

De bouw van de Spaarndammerbuurt startte aan het eind van de 19e eeuw. De straten zijn vernoemd naar plaatsen ten westen en noordwesten van Amsterdam. De arbeiderswoningen waren vooral bestemd voor havenarbeiders, die hun werk in de nabije havens vonden. Blikvanger van de buurt was sinds 1891 de Maria Magdalenakerk, een ontwerp van Pierre Cuypers. Wegens bouwvalligheid werd deze in 1968 afgebroken.

De beroemdste gebouwen in de Spaarndammerbuurt zijn de door Michel de Klerk ontworpen arbeiderswoningen in de stijl van de Amsterdamse School, gelegen bij het Spaarndammerplantsoen. In de jaren rond 1920 werden hier drie door hem ontworpen blokken neergezet. Het meest opvallende ontwerp is ‘Het Schip’, gelegen langs de Zaanstraat. De woningen waren ‘paleisjes voor de arbeiders’. Niet eerder was er zoveel zorg besteed aan de vormgeving van arbeiderswoningen. Ook een postkantoor was onderdeel van het blok. Nadat het postkantoor in 2000 zijn deuren had gesloten is hier sinds 2001 het Museum Het Schip gevestigd. Andere opvallende architectuur werd in de jaren '20 gebouwd door K.P.C. de Bazel aan het Spaarndammerplantsoen en door H.J.M. Walenkamp aan het Zaanhof.

Tussen 1906 en 1955 had de buurt een tramverbinding met het Centraal Station. Tot 1944 was dit tramlijn 5, vanaf 1945 tramlijn 12. Daarna kwam buslijn 12, sinds 1975 is dit buslijn 22.

Ten noorden van de Spaarndammerbuurt is een uitbreiding gepland bij de Houthavens onder de naam ‘Spaarndammerhout’.

Copyright: Bo De Visser
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 7692x3846
Chargée: 29/12/2009
Mis à jour: 09/09/2014
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Tags: spaarndammerbuurt; schip; architectuur; amsterdam; houthavens; zaanstraat; amsterdamse school; michel; de klerk; arbeiderswoningen; woning; amsterdam west; prorama; bo de visser; knollendamstraat
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