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Templo Chinês da Barra 澳門媽閣廟
China

媽閣廟(粵語:ma5 gok3 miu6,「媽」變調為「馬」;葡萄牙語:Templo de A-Má或Templo Chinês da Barra),原稱媽祖閣,主奉海神媽祖,是位於澳門半島西南方的標誌性建築物之一,現為澳門三大古剎中最古老者。2005年作為澳門歷史城區的部分被列入世界文化遺產名錄內。媽閣廟始建於1488年,時值明朝。當時媽閣廟門前已為澳門之海岸線,是當地及附近居住之漁民作業之上岸補給、歇息和祈福之處。廟宇背山面海,沿崖建築,古木參天,風光優美。整座廟宇包括大殿(又稱神山第一殿)、石殿(又稱正覺禪林)、弘仁殿、觀音閣等4座主要建築。石獅鎮門、飛檐凌空,是一座富有中國文化特色的古建築。經過廟門及花崗石牌坊,便是庭院,循著山麓的石階小徑,拾級而上,即可抵達建於巉岩巨石間、就石窟鑿成的弘仁殿。殿內四壁,雕刻著海魔神將,色彩斑斕,中央供奉天后。自弘仁殿至觀音閣,沿著山崖有不少石刻,或為名流政要詠題,或為騷人墨客遣興,楷草篆隸,諸體俱備。觀音閣位於廟之最高處,供奉觀音菩薩。不少西洋畫家亦曾描繪了廟前繁華景象,而媽閣廟亦出現在最早一批在中國拍攝的照片。目錄1 傳說2 注釋3 景觀危機3.1 紙幣取材4 參看5 外部連結傳說主條目:媽祖相傳媽祖乃福建莆田女子,又稱娘媽,本姓林,生時能預言吉凶,物化登仙後常顯靈海上,幫助海難商人及漁民消災解難,化險為夷,閩南人船員為了能在靠岸時祭祀,遂與當地居民商議,在現址立廟。而庭院內有中國帆船石刻浮雕,傳說娘媽曾乘此船自家鄉出海,經歷颱風巨浪,平安抵澳。

Copyright: Njohn
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8196x4098
Chargée: 18/04/2013
Mis à jour: 18/08/2014
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Tags: 媽祖閣; 媽閣廟; templo de a-má; templo chinês da barra; 澳門世界文化遺產
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