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town Mělník
Czech Republic
The city was founded in the 13th Melnik century castle of the market and later settlements. Charter city does not. And so the first message, whereby the city of Melnik considered, appeared in document Premysl Otakar II. of 25 November 1274, which was donated Mělnik to complete the community share in the proceeds Elbe trade. Melnik proclaimed a permanent royal dowry town to Charles IV. He could bring here from Burgundy and Champagne from the vines and magnified the Melnik wine. During the Hussite Wars Mělničané remained in alliance with the citizens of Prague. During the reign of George of Podebrady city prospered economically. Since the end of the 15th century, however, stagnated and then declined. The situation has deteriorated especially after suppressing anti-Habsburk resistance Czech towns and the nobility in 1547. King Ferdinand I of Habsburg city confiscated all his possessions, he suffered a considerable financial penalty, abolished guilds, constituted the imperial city magistrate. The period from the Hussite wars, the Thirty Years' War became the golden age of Melnik wine. Expanded the vineyards, the rich burghers financed the construction of Church. Ludmila and Chloumku Church of the Holy Trinity. The Thirty Years War very badly hit and Melnik. Frequent visits troops, the Swedish occupation, looting, fires, plague. When many artisans and vintners to emigrate to the city almost depopulated. In the 17th and 18 Melnik century destroyed by fire, plague, peasant rebellion and many barren years.
Copyright: Jakub Laštovička
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8000x4000
Chargée: 14/07/2011
Mis à jour: 05/08/2011
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