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Troço das Antigas Muralhas de Defesa 澳門舊城牆遺址
China

舊城牆遺址(Troço das Antigas Muralhas de Defesa)(簡稱舊城牆),是指大三巴和哪吒廟後的一道黃土牆,是澳門舊城城牆倖存的一部份。昔日舊城牆,為澳門軍事防衛的重要部分。2005年作為澳門歷史城區的一部分,被列入世界文化遺產名錄內。舊城牆乃澳門被葡萄牙佔據時期興建,最早可追溯至1569年(即明朝隆慶三年)。由於明政府一直不允許葡萄牙人私築城牆,故城牆歷來曾數次被拆毀。但因要抵禦荷蘭的入侵,故澳葡政府在1632年以此為藉口,不理會明政府的反對,復建了澳門北部城牆及炮台。昔日葡萄牙人在澳門半島的北部、東部及南部均築有城牆,並於要塞位置建築了炮台,使澳門地區成為嚴密防範的城堡。而現存的舊城牆遺址部分,正是1632年所復建之一部分。葡人在澳門建城牆,最早可追溯至明朝隆慶三年(1569年)。由於中國方面的反對,所築城牆多次被拆毀。然而,葡人以抵禦外敵(荷蘭人)入侵為藉口,至1632 年澳門北部城牆及炮台又復建完成。從當時澳門城市圖可見,整個澳門城除西部內港外,北部、東部及南部均建有城牆,並於諸要塞處建置炮台,使澳門成為一座軍事防範嚴密的城堡。現存的舊城牆遺址,正是當時所建的一部分。建築描述:舊城牆位於聖保祿教堂遺址左側,鄰近哪吒廟,為夯土建成的牆體,夯土主要是用泥砂、細石、稻草再摻合蠔殼粉逐層壓實而成。現存牆體長18.5 米,高5.6 米,寬1 米多,牆身開有一磚券洞。

Copyright: Njohn
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6612x3306
Chargée: 18/04/2013
Mis à jour: 18/08/2014
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Tags: troço das antigas muralhas de defesa; 澳門舊城牆遺址; 哪吒廟城牆; 澳門昔日舊城牆
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