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018 01-القشلة في حائل Al-Qishla Palace
Saudi Arabia

"القشلة : بنى القشلة بناء من اللبن و الحجر على الطراز المعماري النجدي,و هو يشمل مساحة 19.995 متر مربع بأبعاد 142.27 متر مربع لكل من الواجهتين الشمالية و الجنوبية و 140.10 متر مربع لكل من الواجهتين الغربية والشرقية يدعم واجهاته ثماني ابراج مربعة الشكل .أربعة بالأركان وأربعة موزعة في منصف كل واجهة، ارتفاع هذه الواجهات 15م يزينها من أعلى شرفات متدرجة ,أسفلها تنتشرا لطرم و هي عنصر معماري بارز عن الجدار , له فتحتان واحدة داخل الواجهة و الأخرى بالجزء السفلي البارز عنها ليتمكن المدافع من إطلاق النار أو صب الزيت المغلي على من يقترب من الواجهات أو الأسوار. أسفل هذه الطرم تنتشر أيضا في الواجهات فتحات رماية المساة بالمزاغل و هي عنصر دفاعي عبارة عن فتحات دائرية بحجم فوهة البندقية للدفاع عن الحصن أو القلعة او القشلة بإطلاق النار على المهاجمين قبل وصولهم للأسوار.أسفل هذه المزاغل توجد مزاريب خشبية موزعة على الواجهات لتصريف مياه الأمطار من الداخل الى الخارج و يوجد للقشلة مدخلان , الأول يقع بمنتصف الواجهة الشرقية و الآخرهوا لمستخدم حاليا يقع بمنتصف الواجهة الجنوبية يزين هذان المدخلان زخارف جصية تجمع بين العنصريين الهندسي و البنائي. "Al-Qishla was built with mud and stones in a typical Najedi style. It covers an area of 19,995 sq. meters. On its exterior walls there are eight watchtowers. One is located on each corner, and one in the middle of each wall. The height of each façade wall is 10m on which are built step like shyurafat or parapets and under them are cabins Turum, which are the most prominent structures on the façades of the walls. Turum or cabins are defensive in nature can be used for firing or throwing oil on the invaders. Under the cabins are additional circular firing holes. Under the firing holes are located wooden rain water outlets. There are two entrances for al-Qishla ; one is located in the middle of eastern wall, and the other in the middle of southern wall. The entrances are located with gypsum floral and geometric motifs. For more information: http://www.scta.gov.sa

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More About Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.