قلعة تبوك : وهي إحدى محطات طريق الحج الشامي على طريق الشام المدينة المنورة الذي يتكون من قلاع ومحطات تبدأ من الحدود السعودية الأردنية, وحتى المدينة المنورة لاستقبال الحجاج . ويعود تاريخ بناء القلعة إلى عام 976هـ / 1559م ، ولقد جددت عمارة القلعة عام 1370 هـ وأجريت عليها ترميمات شاملة عام 1413 من قبل وكالة الآثار والمتاحف بوزارة التربية والتعليم سابقاً . وتتكون القلعة من دورين يحتوي الدور الأرضي على فناء مكشوف وعدد من الحجرات ومسجد وبئر وهناك سلالم تؤدي إلى الدور الأول ومسجد مكشوف وحجرات وكذلك سلالم تؤدي إلى الأبراج التي تستخدم للحراسة والمراقبة . والقلعة من المعالم الأثرية بالمنطقة . "Tabuk Fortress :Tabuk Castle is one of the important Hajj stations on the road coming from Al-Sham, the modern Syria and going to Almadina Al-Munwarah. It includes fortresses and stations starting from the Saudi-Jordanian borders until ending in the holy city of Medina to receive the pilgrims. It was used by the pilgrims for rest and preparation for onward march during the pilgrimage. The fortress dates back to the year 976H / 1559G. It was renovated in the year 1370H / 1950 G. A lot of repairing work and rehabilitation works was performed on the fortress in 1413H / 1992 by the Antiquities & Museums Agency – Ministry of Education. The fortress consists of two storeys. The ground floor contains open courtyard and a number of rooms, mosque, a well and stairs leading to the first floor that in turn contains an open courtyard, a mosque, a number of rooms and stairs leading to the adjoining towers which were used as watch-towers for security and guarding purposes. The fortress is one of the most important monuments in the area." For more information: http://www.scta.gov.sa
Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.