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Yun Hongyi former residence 恽鸿仪故居 (259)
jiangsu

恽鸿议:

      恽鸿仪,清代常州画派创始人恽南田的后裔,清道光三十年(1850年)进士,改翰林院庶吉士。散馆,授刑部主事,后生员外郎、郎中,兼授贵州镇远府知府,调任贵阳府知府。平生尤工书画,祖父秉怡,祖姑恽珠,皆以画知名于世,一门风雅,传南田学家。

雪洞巷12号

      雪洞巷12号,恽鸿仪故居。故居坐北朝南,东临天井巷与广敷义塾(原蒋氏宗祠),南临青果巷,西邻雪洞巷与顾氏宅居,北界天井巷11弄,占地11亩左右。这一带的清代建筑群系恽鸿仪在清咸丰、同治年间位于市区后北岸的旧宅被毁后于1865年始建的府邸遗址,而直至清光绪年间才完善。

      恽鸿仪建筑群呈凸字形,相传有房108间,砖木结构,均硬山式平房,由东侧、正中、西侧三部分组成,中间分别由夹弄和内走廊相隔。

      东侧厢房处于广敷义塾建筑后面,前后共三进。第一进面阔4间,第二进面阔3间,第三进面阔3间,各进间有天井相隔。东北隅另筑有3间朝西的辅助用房,第一进前天井中尚遗存有清代古井一口。

      中间部分是建筑群的主体,前后有厅屋五进面阔均5间,各进之间均有天井相隔,而天井中另砌筑有院墙,分隔成前后院(天井),其最南有大院,院门临青果巷,此为出入故居正式大门(青果巷76号)。后因临街房屋改造,改造为夹弄出入(夹弄前通青果巷78号)。

      西侧房屋在顾宅后,中间夹有小天井。西侧厢房前后二进花厅,面阔各5间,靠雪洞巷中段一侧垣墙,另开有侧门出入(雪洞巷12号)。

      故居中所有大厅(包括花厅),进深均为7楹,用料讲究,梁柱粗硕,前后檐均为叠椽构架,起檐达1米以上,形似沿廊。西厢房建筑中的两进花厅更为精巧,一式的花格落地长窗,两进花厅合成一大庭院(天井),庭院中段另筑有南北走向的院墙,又使大天井被分隔成大小两个天井,院墙的东侧墙上架构檐廊,使小天井处构成方形回廊。院墙中段开月洞门,以便通行,且与内走廊上的月洞门相对应,这样通过两个月洞门内走廊、暗夹角弄可抵达故居中各处的天井和厅堂。故居中所有厅堂沿廊地面满铺方形青砖,天井地面满铺石板,环境清幽,突显豪门气派。

      故居到清宣统年间及后,房屋曾数易其主,归赵、曹、岳、潘、陈、周诸姓所有,1937年地籍图上故居中部分房地产仍归恽氏后裔恽树棠、恽魁耀所有,西首十间花厅归黄氏所有,现恽鸿仪四世孙恽凯庆仍居住于正中间第四进房中。

      目前故居中有些房屋经买主改造后,已失去原貌。雪洞巷12号弄堂对面就是刘国钧大宅的高墙大院。

      2013年常州市府准备恢复性修缮青果巷古建筑群,恽鸿仪故居应在修缮其列。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8330x4165
Uploaded: 27/02/2013
Updated: 07/08/2014
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More About jiangsu

Jiangsu located at Yangtze River, the Huaihe River downstream, shore of Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, north meets Shandong, west continually Anhui, the southeast and Shanghai, Zhejiang border on, is the Yangtse Delta area important component, is situated between the east longitude 116°18 ' -121°57 ', north latitude 30°45 ' - 35°20 ' between. Acquires fame in the Qing Dynasty Jiangning government office and the Soviet state capital two government offices the first character. Is one of Chinese population density highest provinces, the total area 102,600 square kilometers, account for the national total area 1.11%, the continuous nearly 1000 kilometer coastlines are hugging the approximately 9,800,000 Chinese acre gold shallow seas and tidelands. Within the boundaries plain is vast, the land is fertile, the product is rich, the rivers and streams lake is densely covered, in five big fresh water lake's Tai Lake, Hongze Lake recline in this, in the history is known as “the land of plenty” fine reputation, Jiangsu's abbreviation “Soviet” the traditional character is this Italy originally. The Jiangsu history is glorious. Here is the Chinese Wu culture and the Chinese culture birthplace, as early as area Nanjing already was the humanity lives together the place hundreds of thousands of years ago. more than 6000 years ago, nearby nearby Nanjing and Tai Lake as well as Xuzhou and Hongze Lake already presented the primitive village, started the primitive farming production. more than 3000 years ago, Jiangsu bronzeware's smelting and forging, has achieved the very high technical level. 3- the 6th century, Nanjing became south China's economic civilization center. 7- after the 10th century, south the national economical center of gravity moves, has so-called “the world important matter, supinely in southeast” the view, Yangzhou becomes the national liveliest city. A.D. 14- after the mid-17th century, places such as Suzhou, Songjiang District and Nanjing, become the birthplace which our country capitalism germinates. The 19th century end, modern industries and so on silk reeling, spinning and weaving, bread flour, mining coal, in places such as Wuxi, Nantong, Suzhou, Changzhou, Xuzhou emerge one after another. Hereafter, Jiangsu's economy, the social development have been among the best in China.