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Alicarnassos, the city of the Leleg and Kar peoples who are thought to be among the first inhabitants of Anatolia and who fought against the Greeks in the Trojan war, is the Bodrum of today. Although the Kar considered the mainland of Anatolia their homeland, it is thought that they were a seafaring people who migrated here from Greece.
The father of history Herodotus, a native of Bodrum, estimated that the history of his birthplace dated to the first millenium BC. However, findings at the Peynir Çiçeği cave point to civilization on the peninsula as far back as 5,000 years ago.
There are signs that the Lelegs and Kars lived in the area together. However, after the occupation of Anatolia by the Persians, a Carian (of the Kar) city was founded in the region of Caria, but kept under Persian control. The Carian people are mentioned in many historical documents as one of the seagoing races and in 480 B.C. Artemisia I, a famous Carian ruler, fought at sea with the Persians against the Greeks, becoming the first female admiral in the world. The historian Herodotus tells the story of this female hero, his compatriot, at length. The Carians, who had proved themselves many times at sea, gained new importance when the satrap Maussolus moved their capital from Milas to Bodrum in 367 B.C. The most brilliant period of Alikarnassos was under the rule of Maussolus and his sister and wife Artemisia II. The Mausoleum built during this period is today considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. This memorial tomb is not the only legacy of Maussolus's reign. The city was developed in a manner fitting to the seat of government, and the theatre still in use today is one example of this. After the death of Maussolus, the Carians won a new victory under their new female leader, conquering the island of Rhodes in 353 B.C.
Bodrum is one of the important touristic places of Turkey. It placed in the south of peninsula which has the same name, surrounded by coastline. It is peaceful in winter but with the spring, touristic places start to open and the whole Bodrum Peninsula comes alive. Bodrum has something for every kind of tourist, with ancient ruins and castles, water sports, bars and restaurants, open air discos and numerous shops and markets. All this ensures you will have an unforgettable holiday Bodrum. Bodrum is a culture blend of sea, history, nature and entertainment. Beginning with banishment of an artist called Halikarnas Fisherman Cevat Þakir Kabaaðaçlý, and Zeki Müren's life in Bodrum, many Turkish artists come to Bodrum to have a holiday or only come to make prestige. In visual press there are always about artists in Bodrum especially in summer time. Bodrum is a few places in the world with its underwater archeology museum. After a while government give importance to Bodrum and its tourism, it became more advanced. Bodrum take interest of investing in tourism after the government's investments. Important investments on entertainment and resting places (hotels, pansions) take place in Bodrum every year as developing. Now there are 2 marinas for yachts tourism. The third marina is still in construction, and in 2004, the harbor of Bodrum will open to serve to ship tourism. Either entertainment enjoyment or peace of mind, Bodrum has the both capacities for you for 24 hours a day. White houses, shiny sea arrived with narrow streets, wooden boats and magnificent nature, Bodrum serves you every kind of affordable holiday.