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成都文殊院
Chengdu

位于成都市西北角,是川西著名的佛教寺院。它的前身是唐代的妙圆塔院,宋时改称“信相寺”。后毁于兵灾。传说清代有人夜见红光出现,官府派人探视,见红光中有文殊菩萨像,便于康熙三十六年(1697年)集资重建庙宇,称文殊院。康熙帝御笔“空林”二字,钦赐“敕赐空林”御印一方。康熙帝墨迹至今仍存院内。


文殊院坐北朝南,建筑面积11600平方米。天王殿、三大士殿、大雄殿、说法堂、藏经楼庄严肃穆,古朴宏敞,为典型的清代建筑。两旁配以禅、观、客、斋、戒和念佛堂、职事房,形成一个封闭的四合院。两相对峙的三檐式钟鼓楼,钟楼里悬有4500多公斤的铜铸大钟一口。观音大士像为青铜铸造,可称雕塑精品。护法神韦驮像,为清道光九年(1829年)第七代方丈本圆用青铜翻砂而成,工艺精细,童颜神态,体现了“童子相貌,将军威仪”的风度。还有一尊列为“空林八观之一”的缅甸玉佛,是院僧性鳞和尚于民国11年(1922年)历尽艰辛,步行募化到缅甸请回的。另外,院内还有大小300余尊佛像,无论是石刻、铜铁铸造,还是木雕泥塑,均具有文物艺术价值。

文殊院还珍藏有许多珍贵文物和佛经、文献上万册,如院僧先宗等3人于每日清晨刺舌取血书写的“舌血经书”;明神宗的田妃绣的千佛袈裟;清杨遇春长女以自己头发绣制的水月观音。院内所藏唐僧玄奘顶骨尤为珍贵;1942年在南京发现3块唐僧顶骨,现1块留存南京,1块送西安,因成都是唐僧的受戒地,1块就送成都。

游人还可在文殊院茶室品尝四川特有的盖碗茶,手捧茶船、茶碗、茶盖,耳听民间艺人的弹唱,尽情领略川西风情。

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Copyright: H-t-f
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10728x5364
Uploaded: 08/07/2011
Updated: 29/07/2011
Views: 85
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More About Sichuan Province

Sichuan Province, the "River"or "Shu", the provincial capital of Chengdu, located in southwest China, the Yangtze River, in longitude 97 ° 21 '~ 108 ° 31', latitude 26 ° 03 '~ 34 ° 19' between. To benefits, benefit, Azusa, Kui four named, the province of the total area of 48.5 square kilometers. Brief plateau phase the west, east of the Three Gorges Xianfeng overlap, north of Qinling Bashan barriers surround the south Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the formation of a famous Sichuan Basin. Sichuan Province, vast land and has a long history since ancient times to enjoy the "Land of Abundance"reputation.