Aiguille geant, de Jean Bernard Metai...
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Panoramic photo by dieter kik EXPERT MAESTRO Taken 06:44, 11/11/2011 - Views loading...

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Aiguille geant, de Jean Bernard Metais, Valenciennes, Nord, France 7180

The World > Europe > France

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Valenciennes est une ville française, historiquement située dans le comté du Hainaut et aujourd'hui dans le département du Nord dont elle est une sous-préfecture depuis 1824. Elle est traversée par l’Escaut à son confluent avec la Rhônelle. Valenciennes est une ville au passé minier, la Compagnie des mines d'Anzin y a ouvert de nombreuses fosses. La plus connue est Dutemple dont le chevalement en béton armé existe encore.

Localisation et accès
La ville est à 122 km de la mer du Nord (Dunkerque) par voie express et à 140 km du point montagneux le plus proche (Ardennes). Valenciennes est entre Bruxelles (à 106 km) et Amiens (à 127 km), à 52 km de Lille-Lesquin (au nord-ouest). Elle est également à proximité de plusieurs capitales européennes : Paris à 200 km, Londres à 280 km, et Amsterdam à 300 km.
En outre, Valenciennes se situe en limite nord du Hainaut (région transfrontalière), entre le Parc naturel régional de l'Avesnois et celui de Scarpe-Escaut. Elle bénéficie de la proximité du paysage de bocage au sud-est, et de 5 000 ha de forêts au nord-est. La Flandre commence au-delà, au nord-est de la Scarpe.
L’aéroport de Lille-Lesquin est à une demi-heure, celui de Charleroi à 50 min et celui de Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle à une heure et demie.
La ville est desservie par les autoroutes A23 et A2 : elle est ainsi intégrée à un réseau routier très dense. Différentes départementales l'irriguent.
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valenciennes

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This panorama was taken in France

This is an overview of France

France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.

French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.

The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.

The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.

The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.

One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.

During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.

France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.

Text by Steve Smith.

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