The Svjatogorsky monastery became Pushkin's last terrestrial shelter. 6/18 February, 1837 after doleful requiem in a southern side-altar of the Uspensky cathedral, served by archimandrite Gennady, a body of the poet have been betrayed to the earth at an altar wall. After four years on a tomb the marble monument, custom-made Pushkin's widow and guardianship by the Petersburg master of monumental affairs A.M.Permogorovym has been established. On it an inscription: "Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin was born in Moscow on May, 26th, 1799, has died in S.-Peterburge on January, 29th, 1837."
In 1924 the monastery has been closed.
Many monastic structures have seriously suffered during the Great Patriotic War, others as Nikolsky a temple, have appeared completely are destroyed.
The Uspensky cathedral has been restored in 1949. The exposition devoted stories of a monastery, to A.S.Pushkina's creativity, duel, death and funeral of the poet Here has opened.
In 1992 the Piously-Uspensky Svjatogorsky monastery has been returned in termless and gratuitous using of Russian Orthodox Church. On May, 29th with the assistance of Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Alex II services in its Uspensky cathedral are solemnly renewed. Today it is a cathedral operating, and its territory is shared by Pushkin reserve and the Diocese. In a monastery lives about 25 novices and monks (during Pushkin time in a monastery there lived 10 persons). Monks process the monastic earths, are engaged in agriculture. The Sunday church school works. On blessing of the deputy monks accept pilgrims.
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.