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Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 02
Tehran

محمد حسین ماهر (متولد 1336، آبادان) در دانشکده ی هنر های تزیینی تهران نقاشی خواند و بیست و پنج سال است که نقاشی می کند. در همه ی این سال ها، مقوله ی فرهنگ به معنای پدیده ای پیچیده از آداب، رسوم، اندیشه، هنر و شیوه ی زندگی مردمِ یک سرزمین که تجربه ی تاریخی یک قوم را شکل می دهد دغدغه ی اصلی او بوده که در هر دوره ی کاریش از زاویه ای متفاوت به آن پرداخته است.

در سال های نخست پس از اتمام تحصیلات دانشگاهی، نگاه به زندگی اجتماعی مردم جنوب موضوع نقاشی هایش بود و پس از آن حس و حال عمومی اجتماعِ آن روزگار و عدم برقراری ارتباط و بی واکنشی افراد موضوع بازنمایی زیبایی شناسانه ی او قرار گرفت. مختصات و ظرفیت های نقاشی ایرانی –  مینیاتور– از دیگر مقولاتی بود که به دقت و تفصیل بدان پرداخت و رد پای مطالعاتش به نقاشی هایش راه یافت. دغدغه های او در همه ی این سال ها، علاوه بر این که نمودی عینی در ماحصل خلاقه ی او یافته اند، همچنین موضوع تحقیق و مطالعه ی او و انتقال آن به نسل نو حین تدریس بوده اند.

نمایش حاضر که بیست و ششمین نمایش انفرادی محمد حسین ماهر است، مروری است بر چهار دوره ی کاری او در دهه ای که گذشت. دغدغه ی او در همه ی این ده سال، حافظه ی زمانه بوده است و نقشی که تجربه ی تاریخی هر قوم در شکل دهی فرهنگ آن دارد. در هر یک از مجموعه های ماسک ها، اسطوره، شوک و یادمان حسین ماهر به گونه ای بر این موضوع تاکیدی مستقیم کرده است. در مجموعه ی ماسک ها به عنوان مثال، او در جستجوی آنچه بوده ایم و امروز هستیم از بیرون به درون می نگرد و در اسطوره ها، ظرایف تخیلِ از یاد رفته را یادآورمی شود. مجموعه ی شوک خشونت و شقاوت کشتار و مٌثٌله کردن و مٌثٌله شدن را به تصویر می کشد و یادمان ، تلاشی است برای باز یافتن هویت و پیشینه ای که در میراث تاریخیِ قابل رویت و لمس جستجو می شود. او در هر یک از چهار مجموعه ی به نمایش در آمده، میراثی از تاریخ و پیشینه ی فرهنگی سرزمینش را بستر خلق قرار داده و با به تصویر کشیدن ظرایف و زیبایی حیطه ی مورد توجهش، انتقاد فرهنگی خود را به زبانی دیداری ثبت کرده است. آیا نمادی گویا تر و پر ابهت تر از ابنیه-ای که به منظور بزرگداشت یا خاطره ی کسی یا چیزی در گذشته ی دیاری بر پا شده بود که فرهنگ غالب آن ستایش زیبایی بوده است وجود دارد که بتوان آن را بستری برای تصویر حافظه ای مغشوش و از یادبردگی قرار داد؟ برای سرزمینی با باورها و منشی استوار بر روایت و داستان آیا بستری غنی تر از افسانه و روایت هایی از زمان دور وجود دارد که بتوان به کمک آن به امروزیان تلنگری زیباییشناسانه زد و غبار فراموشی را از اکنونشان زدود؟  نمایش حاضر، نمایش ما حصل خلاقه یک دهه نگاه بازشکافانه ی حسین ماهراست به سیر فرهنگ و تاریخ سرزمینش. 

Mohammad-Hossein Maher (b. 1957, Abadan, Iran) graduated from the Tehran College of Decorative Arts and has been painting for the past 25 years. As a complex of mores, creeds, arts, and life-styles that shape the historical experience of a people, culture in all its manifestations continues to possess him. 

He started his career by painting the people of the southern regions of Iran and continued by depicting the general social mood of the time and picturing people’s social detachment and unresponsiveness. Subsequently he began his studies on the characteristics and potentials of Persian Painting (miniature). With each passing phase his inquisitiveness about the society that he lives in has remained the driving force of his works. Over the years, whether as a painter or an art teacher, Maher has offered the fruits of his cultural scrutiny to viewers and the younger generation of Iranian painters.  

The current exhibit is a retrospective of Mohammad-Hossein Maher's work in the past decade that covers four distinct periods. His main concern in respective series -- Masks, Myth, Shock and Monuments -- is memory and the role that historical experience plays in the construction of culture. In Masks, for example, he is looking from the outside at how our constructed identity has changed over time. In Myths he reminds us of the niceties of a lost imagination. The Shock series underlines the violence and cruelty of this loss. And, Monuments is an attempt to recover an identity borne by historical heritage. In each of these four series, Maher is looking at the history and culture of his land, and he levels his criticism through a unique artistic language. Monuments raised to commemorate an individual or event in the past become a powerful pretext for the artist to bring to the visual realm the question of an arrested collective memory. By recasting ancient stories and myths from the past, moreover, he creatively addresses a narrative culture with the attempt to alleviate social amnesia. The current exhibit is a compendium of a decade of Hossein Maher's penetrating critique of the culture and history of his land.

نمایشگاه یک دهه آثار " محمد حسین ماهر " اردیبهشت 1393 گالری آریانا

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