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Panoramic photo by Majeed Panahee joo PRO EXPERT Taken 16:36, 14/05/2014 (Tehran) - Views loading...

Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 06

The World > Asia > Middle East > Iran > Tehran

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محمد حسین ماهر (متولد 1336، آبادان) در دانشکده ی هنر های تزیینی تهران نقاشی خواند و بیست و پنج سال است که نقاشی می کند. در همه ی این سال ها، مقوله ی فرهنگ به معنای پدیده ای پیچیده از آداب، رسوم، اندیشه، هنر و شیوه ی زندگی مردمِ یک سرزمین که تجربه ی تاریخی یک قوم را شکل می دهد دغدغه ی اصلی او بوده که در هر دوره ی کاریش از زاویه ای متفاوت به آن پرداخته است.

در سال های نخست پس از اتمام تحصیلات دانشگاهی، نگاه به زندگی اجتماعی مردم جنوب موضوع نقاشی هایش بود و پس از آن حس و حال عمومی اجتماعِ آن روزگار و عدم برقراری ارتباط و بی واکنشی افراد موضوع بازنمایی زیبایی شناسانه ی او قرار گرفت. مختصات و ظرفیت های نقاشی ایرانی –  مینیاتور– از دیگر مقولاتی بود که به دقت و تفصیل بدان پرداخت و رد پای مطالعاتش به نقاشی هایش راه یافت. دغدغه های او در همه ی این سال ها، علاوه بر این که نمودی عینی در ماحصل خلاقه ی او یافته اند، همچنین موضوع تحقیق و مطالعه ی او و انتقال آن به نسل نو حین تدریس بوده اند.

نمایش حاضر که بیست و ششمین نمایش انفرادی محمد حسین ماهر است، مروری است بر چهار دوره ی کاری او در دهه ای که گذشت. دغدغه ی او در همه ی این ده سال، حافظه ی زمانه بوده است و نقشی که تجربه ی تاریخی هر قوم در شکل دهی فرهنگ آن دارد. در هر یک از مجموعه های ماسک ها، اسطوره، شوک و یادمان حسین ماهر به گونه ای بر این موضوع تاکیدی مستقیم کرده است. در مجموعه ی ماسک ها به عنوان مثال، او در جستجوی آنچه بوده ایم و امروز هستیم از بیرون به درون می نگرد و در اسطوره ها، ظرایف تخیلِ از یاد رفته را یادآورمی شود. مجموعه ی شوک خشونت و شقاوت کشتار و مٌثٌله کردن و مٌثٌله شدن را به تصویر می کشد و یادمان ، تلاشی است برای باز یافتن هویت و پیشینه ای که در میراث تاریخیِ قابل رویت و لمس جستجو می شود. او در هر یک از چهار مجموعه ی به نمایش در آمده، میراثی از تاریخ و پیشینه ی فرهنگی سرزمینش را بستر خلق قرار داده و با به تصویر کشیدن ظرایف و زیبایی حیطه ی مورد توجهش، انتقاد فرهنگی خود را به زبانی دیداری ثبت کرده است. آیا نمادی گویا تر و پر ابهت تر از ابنیه-ای که به منظور بزرگداشت یا خاطره ی کسی یا چیزی در گذشته ی دیاری بر پا شده بود که فرهنگ غالب آن ستایش زیبایی بوده است وجود دارد که بتوان آن را بستری برای تصویر حافظه ای مغشوش و از یادبردگی قرار داد؟ برای سرزمینی با باورها و منشی استوار بر روایت و داستان آیا بستری غنی تر از افسانه و روایت هایی از زمان دور وجود دارد که بتوان به کمک آن به امروزیان تلنگری زیباییشناسانه زد و غبار فراموشی را از اکنونشان زدود؟  نمایش حاضر، نمایش ما حصل خلاقه یک دهه نگاه بازشکافانه ی حسین ماهراست به سیر فرهنگ و تاریخ سرزمینش. 

Mohammad-Hossein Maher (b. 1957, Abadan, Iran) graduated from the Tehran College of Decorative Arts and has been painting for the past 25 years. As a complex of mores, creeds, arts, and life-styles that shape the historical experience of a people, culture in all its manifestations continues to possess him. 

He started his career by painting the people of the southern regions of Iran and continued by depicting the general social mood of the time and picturing people’s social detachment and unresponsiveness. Subsequently he began his studies on the characteristics and potentials of Persian Painting (miniature). With each passing phase his inquisitiveness about the society that he lives in has remained the driving force of his works. Over the years, whether as a painter or an art teacher, Maher has offered the fruits of his cultural scrutiny to viewers and the younger generation of Iranian painters.  

The current exhibit is a retrospective of Mohammad-Hossein Maher's work in the past decade that covers four distinct periods. His main concern in respective series -- Masks, Myth, Shock and Monuments -- is memory and the role that historical experience plays in the construction of culture. In Masks, for example, he is looking from the outside at how our constructed identity has changed over time. In Myths he reminds us of the niceties of a lost imagination. The Shock series underlines the violence and cruelty of this loss. And, Monuments is an attempt to recover an identity borne by historical heritage. In each of these four series, Maher is looking at the history and culture of his land, and he levels his criticism through a unique artistic language. Monuments raised to commemorate an individual or event in the past become a powerful pretext for the artist to bring to the visual realm the question of an arrested collective memory. By recasting ancient stories and myths from the past, moreover, he creatively addresses a narrative culture with the attempt to alleviate social amnesia. The current exhibit is a compendium of a decade of Hossein Maher's penetrating critique of the culture and history of his land.

نمایشگاه یک دهه آثار " محمد حسین ماهر " اردیبهشت 1393 گالری آریانا

http://www.artin360.com/Ariana.htm

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A: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 01

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

محمد حسین ماهر (متولد 1336، آبادان) در دانشکده ی هنر های تزیینی تهران نقاشی خواند و بیست و پنج سال اس...

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B: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 02

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

محمد حسین ماهر (متولد 1336، آبادان) در دانشکده ی هنر های تزیینی تهران نقاشی خواند و بیست و پنج سال اس...

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C: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 03

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

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D: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 04

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

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E: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 05

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

محمد حسین ماهر (متولد 1336، آبادان) در دانشکده ی هنر های تزیینی تهران نقاشی خواند و بیست و پنج سال اس...

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F: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 07

by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

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by Majeed Panahee joo, less than 10 meters away

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J: Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 09

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Ariana Art Gallery Hossein Maher 2014 May 09

This panorama was taken in Tehran

This is an overview of Tehran

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.

Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.

But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.

In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.

The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.

The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."

Getting There

Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.

Transportation

Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.

The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.

Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.

Things to do, Recommendations

Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.

If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.

Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.

Tehran is also full of museums such as:

the Contemporary Art Museum

the Abghine Musuem (glass works)

the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum

the museum of carpets (!!!)

Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures

and most stunning of all,

the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.

Text by Steve Smith.

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