Askja - Stratovolcano
Askja is a stratovolcano located in the central highlands of Iceland. A large eruption took place here in 1875. Ash landing after the eruption made life quite difficult from many Icelanders at the time. It caused many people to leave the country due to difficult in keeping livestock on the ash poisoned ground.
Öskjuvatn is the largest of the two lakes seen in the image and is the 2nd deepest lake in Iceland at 220 metres deep.
The smaller of the two lakes is named Víti and is around 150 metres in diameter. The water in this lake is quite warm and many visitors swim here. This crater was formed during the eruption in 1875.
In this image you might notice the lack of ice within Öskjuvatn, this is deemed to be quite unusual. There are some beliefs that another eruption is due to take place.
This is a view from the rim of Viti, a small lake near the huge Oskjuvatn crater, next to the campin...
Photographer’s Notes:Just to the North of Vatnajökull, the biggest Glacier in Europe by volume. I had...
At the North side of Vatnajökull, Europe’s biggest Glacier by volume.Despite being the middle of summ...
Myvatn Lake is one of the most iconic places in Iceland, glacial water colectet in former lava lake c...
Photographer’s Notes:One of the panoramic pictures I really wanted to get while in Iceland was one th...
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.