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Assar Art Gallery July 2012 Reza Moradi Circular Ruins Based On Text Of Shahnameh 01
Tehran

رضا مرادي در نقاشي ايراني (مكتب هرات و تبريز) و نقاشي مدرنيسم وجوه اشتراكي پيدا كرده است و دارد از آن‌ها يك چيز تازه مي‌سازد. از آنجا كه هر نوع انطباق ميان امر سنتي و امر مدرن در نهايت به سود مدرنيسم تمام مي‌شود، پس نقاشي‌هاي او بي‌شك مدرنيستي‌اند. («تطبيقي» مي‌نامم چون به نظرم وجه اصيلي در اين آثار خودنمايي مي‌كند كه آن‌ها را از يك «تلفيق» عوام‌پسندانه و گاه به بيان امروزي‌تر، «پست مدرن» مي‌رهاند.)

نقاشي‌هاي او از نظر موضوع، همچون سنت نقاشي ايراني، به سادگي توصيف‌گر يك متن ادبي‌اند (در اينجا شاهنامه‌ي فردوسي). استفاده‌ي عامدانه و افراطي از رنگ سياه در كار او يك ويژگي است. اين رنگ در عين قدرت بيانگري‌اش هيچگاه روايت داستان شاهنامه را فرو نمي‌گذارد. يعني همچنان كه رنگ سياه در كار او يك ويژگي بصري است،‌ ظلمت شب يلداي بيژن و منيژه نيز هست.

رضا مرادي در نقاشي‌هاي كوچك‌اش همچنان كه از موقعيت هر چيز فاصله مي‌گيرد، از عینیت آن چیزها هم دور    می شود. از دیدگاه تطبیقی در آثار او فاصله ی ميان نقاش و مورد نقاشي‌اش بيش‌تر از فاصله‌اي است كه زماني نقاشان ايراني با مورد نقاشي‌شان داشتند. در اينجا همه چيز- به اصطلاح سينمايي- در لانگ شات ديده مي‌شود. رضا مرادي امروز، از جايي كه زماني نقاشان ايراني ايستاده بودند،‌ عقب تر رفته است تا به اين ترتيب فرديت را از عناصر و انسان‌ها در نقاشي‌اش حذف كند. انسان‌ها در نقاشي‌اش تقريباً هيچ نشانه‌اي كه مشخص كند مربوط به چه زمان و مكاني هستند را براي ما باقي نمي‌گذارند.

فاصله گرفتن نقاش از مورد نقاشي‌اش يك ويژگي اساسي در خود دارد؛ اين فاصله همه‌ي تعريف‌ها و تابوهاي وجه مثالين نقاشي ايراني را ازبين برده است. بازيگران و عناصر اصلي داستان در آثار او چندان كوچك‌اند كه ديگر هر نوع عمل مينياتوري در آن‌ها ناممكن به نظر مي‌رسد. در آن‌ها هر اسب و هر پرچم، هر قلعه و هر صخره، پيش از آن كه يك «چيز» باشد، يك «عنصر نقاشانه» است. در اين نقاشي‌ها اگر ايده و داستان ادبي حذف شود، اگر شيئيت اشيا حذف شود، و اگر همه چيز در آن‌ها جز يك لكه‌ي رنگ و يك لكه‌ي نور نباشد باز هم ما چيز زيادي را از دست نداده‌ايم چرا كه ايده و داستان اصلي در آن‌ها يك چيز بيش‌تر نيست: تاريكي جهان حاضر.

 در نبرد ميان سواران پرچم به دست،‌ در بياباني يك سر تاريك، از فاصله‌اي كه در آن تشخيص خير و شر، ديگر براي ما ناممكن است، آن هم در كادرهايي چنين كوچك، يك حكايت بزرگ در جريان است. در جهان معاصر كه در آن همچنان كساني توسط كسان ديگر مي‌ميرند حماقتي نهفته شده كه بهتر است اين بار به جاي نزديك شدن و مطالعه‌ي آزمايشگاهي‌اش از آن فاصله بگيريم تا به اين ترتيب از بار تراژيك آن با بازي نشانه‌ها بكاهيم. هر چند اين بازي به تاريك‌تر شدن جهان بيانجامد.

جواد مدرسي

http://www.artin360.com/Assar.htm

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More About Tehran

Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.