Auf dem Grossmuenster in Zuerich
Eine der Schoensten Ansichten Zuerichs bietet sich vom Karlsturm des Grossmuesters. Der Turm bietet nach 187 Stufen Aufstieg einen kleinen Balkon in jede Himmelsrichtung. Weil der Durchmesser des Turm ungefaehr 10 Meter betraegt und der Abstand der verschiedenen Foto Aufnahmestandorten entsprechend gross ist, ist es grundsaetzlich nicht moeglich, eine fehlerfreie 360Grad Panorama-Aufnahme zu erstellen. Ich habe dennoch mein bestes versucht und auch ein bisschen gebastelt. Die Panorama Aussicht ist auf jeden Fall grossartig!
The Panorama covers approx 360 x 124 degrees. No tripod was used.
The Karls Tower of the Grossmuenster Church in Zuerich offers perhaps the best panoramic view over the city. The viewing platform, 187 steps above ground, consists of four distinct balconies. As a result of the tower’s diameter of approximately 10 meters and hence distance between camera locations, it is technically impossible to stitch a perfect 360 degree panorama. The panoramic view is nevertheless priceless.
Das Grossmünster ist eine evangelisch-reformierte Kirche in der Altstadt von Zürich. Die Kirchenpatrone sind Felix und Regula sowie Exuperantius. Bis zur Reformation war das Grossmünster zugleich Teil eines weltlichen Chorherrenstifts und Pfarrkirche. Das Grossmünster gehört zusammen mit dem Fraumünster und der St. Peter Kirche zu den bekanntesten Kirchen der Stadt Zürich. Seine charakteristischen Doppeltürme sind das eigentliche Wahrzeichen Zürichs. Der Karlsturm ist einer der zwei Türme von Zürichs Wahrzeichen, dem Grossmünster. Das Grossmünster ist ein ehemaliges Augustiner-Chorherrenstift über den Gräbern der Stadtheiligen Felix und Regula erbaut und Standort der ersten weiterführenden Schule, welche gemäss Sage von Karl dem Grossen gegründet wurde. Seine Statue ist am Turm angebracht. Vom Kirchenschiff aus führen 187 Tritte hinauf zur Aussichtsplattform. Von oben hat man einen wunderschönen Ausblick über die Altstadt und den See.
Grossmünster (English article from Wikipedia)
The Grossmünster ("great minster") is a Romanesque-style Protestant church in Zurich, Switzerland. It is one of the three major churches in the city (the others being the Fraumünster and St. Peterskirche). The core of the present building near the banks of the Limmat River was constructed on the site of a Carolingian church, which was, according to legend, originally commissioned by Charlemagne. Construction of the present structure commenced around 1100 and it was inaugurated around 1220. The Grossmünster was a monastery church, vying for precedence with the Fraumünster across the Limmat throughout the Middle Ages. According to legend, the Grossmünster was founded by Charlemagne, whose horse fell to its knees over the tombs of Felix and Regula, Zürich's patron saints. The legend helps support a claim of seniority over the Fraumünster, which was founded by Louis the German, Charlemagne's grandson. Recent archaeological evidence confirms the presence of a Roman burial ground at the site.
Ulrich Zwingli initiated the Swiss-German Reformation in Switzerland from his pastoral office at the Grossmünster, starting in 1520. Zwingli won a series of debates presided over by the magistrate in 1523 which ultimately led local civil authorities to sanction the severance of the church from the papacy. The reforms initiated by Zwingli and continued by his successor, Heinrich Bullinger, account for the plain interior of the church. The iconoclastic reformers removed the organ and religious statuary in 1524. These changes, accompanied by abandonment of Lent, replacement of the Mass, disavowal of celibacy, eating meat on fast days, replacement of the lectionary with a seven-year New Testament cycle, a ban on church music, and other significant reforms make this church one of the most important sites in the history of the reformation and the birthplace of the Swiss-German reformation.
Close-up view of the Grossmunster ("great minster") Romanesque-style church in the center of Zurich, ...
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.
The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.
Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".
Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.
Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.
In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states.
Text by Steve Smith.