The Great Wall 万里长城-八达岭 (835)
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Panoramic photo by Dxinwei EXPERT Taken 12:27, 15/10/2013 (CST +0800) - Views loading...

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The Great Wall 万里长城-八达岭 (835)

The World > Asia > China

Tags: wall

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八达岭:

      1、万里长城,今天所见之万里长城,始建于春秋战国,连结于秦始皇时期,完善于明王朝。

      2、1403年,明王朝第三位皇帝明成祖朱棣即位。1420年,迁都北京。朱棣决心统一中国,先后五次御驾亲征,大军深入蒙古草原,最远到达鄂嫩河附近。1488年以后,才开始进行浩大而全面的修筑长城工程。经过270年的漫长岁月,先后共有18次大规模的修筑工程终于建成一道高墙,东起辽宁省的鸭绿江边,西止于甘肃省嘉峪关以西的布隆吉,这便是我们通常说的还能看到的万里长城。明长城全长14600多华里,经过我国北方七个省、市、自治区。无论从技术工程水平和设防的严密程度,都是以前的长城无法比拟的。

      3、明代万里长城,再不是单一的一道高墙,而是修筑成“层层布防”的纵深防御体系,重点地区还修了多道城墙、关隘。宁夏、陕西、山西、河北等地,都修了长城复线,山西设置的长城复线就有四条之多。在重要的交通军事要地,修筑多座关城和多道较短的墙,如雁门关的十里山谷,有28道石墙,可谓“寸土设障,步步为营”。

      4、八达岭是历史上许多重大事件的见证。第一位皇帝秦始皇东临碣石之后,从八达岭取道大同,再驾返咸阳;肖太后巡幸、元太祖入关、元代皇帝每年两次往返北京和上都之间、明朝帝王北伐、清代天子亲征、李自成攻陷北京……八达岭都是必经之地。近代史上,慈禧西逃泪洒八达岭、詹天佑修建京张铁路、孙中山登临八达岭长城等,八达岭留下许多历史典故和珍贵的历史回忆。

      5、八达岭长城,万里长城的组成部分,5A级景区,世界遗产。这里是功能齐全的景区旅游服务区。

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This panorama was taken in China, Asia

This is an overview of Asia

Asia is the biggest continent on Earth, a darling little gem floating around in space.

Hm, what is Asia? Who's in on it?

China and India are safe bets for Asian nations. Korea, Japan, Thailand, you're fine.

Europe? No. Europe would sort of be on the "Asian continent" if not for those pesky Ural mountains dividing things up in the middle, and then also the whole lineage of kings and wealth and nations and the EU and all that "give me my respect" stuff.
Russia would probably be happiest as its own continent, so for now we'll leave it in "Eurasia" and just hope the natural gas supplies keep flowing.

Pakistan and Afghanistan are dang close to Asia, but politically they show up in "Middle East" news stories an awful lot. Verdict: Eurasia.

I guess we'll actually have to consider everything from Turkey on eastward to be "Eurasian", although the moniker seems overlappitory of the territory.

The Asian economy is now officially raging like a wild furnace of lava that consumes everything in its path. Japan has had the largest individual economy in Asia for decades, but it is forecast that both India and China will outstrip Japan within twenty years.

China is the largest holder of United States debt and is positioned to become the world's next superpower, provided that Godzilla doesn't return and decide to stomp everybody back into the Shang Dynasty.

Text by Steve Smith.

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