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The Great Wall 万里长城-八达岭 (835)
China

万里长城:

      1、万里长城,今天所见之万里长城,始建于春秋战国,连结于秦始皇时期,完善于明王朝。

      2、1403年,明王朝第三位皇帝明成祖朱棣即位。1420年,迁都北京。朱棣决心统一中国,先后五次御驾亲征,大军深入蒙古草原,最远到达鄂嫩河附近。1488年以后,才开始进行浩大而全面的修筑长城工程。经过270年的漫长岁月,先后共有18次大规模的修筑工程终于建成一道高墙,东起辽宁省的鸭绿江边,西止于甘肃省嘉峪关以西的布隆吉,这便是我们通常说的还能看到的万里长城。明长城全长14600多华里,经过我国北方七个省、市、自治区。无论从技术工程水平和设防的严密程度,都是以前的长城无法比拟的。

      3、明代万里长城,再不是单一的一道高墙,而是修筑成“层层布防”的纵深防御体系,重点地区还修了多道城墙、关隘。宁夏、陕西、山西、河北等地,都修了长城复线,山西设置的长城复线就有四条之多。在重要的交通军事要地,修筑多座关城和多道较短的墙,如雁门关的十里山谷,有28道石墙,可谓“寸土设障,步步为营”。

      4、八达岭是历史上许多重大事件的见证。第一位皇帝秦始皇东临碣石之后,从八达岭取道大同,再驾返咸阳;肖太后巡幸、元太祖入关、元代皇帝每年两次往返北京和上都之间、明朝帝王北伐、清代天子亲征、李自成攻陷北京……八达岭都是必经之地。近代史上,慈禧西逃泪洒八达岭、詹天佑修建京张铁路、孙中山登临八达岭长城等,八达岭留下许多历史典故和珍贵的历史回忆。

      5、八达岭长城,万里长城的组成部分,5A级景区,世界遗产。这里是功能齐全的景区旅游服务区。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8396x4198
Uploaded: 10/01/2014
Updated: 08/08/2014
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