The Archcathedral Basilica under the Invocation of St. James - the church founded by Beringer from Bamberg in 1187. The gothic temple made of brick was built from XIII up to XVI century. Destroyed during the Allied air raids. In 1972 reconstruction started. It has valuable objects inside (gothic triptychs, tombstones and epitaphs), the chapels devoted to: West-Pomeranian Dukes, The Holy Mary Ostrobramska from Vilna, the Nazism and Stalinism victims, the soldiers of the Resistance, seamen, craftsmen; plaques devoted to Pope John Paul II and the Polish primates: August Hlond and Stefan Wyszynski. The Archdiocese Museum presents the history of the church in Pomerania. Next to the cathedral there is the bell from 1681, the gothic curate's house from XV century, the cross from the Pope's altar from Jasne Blonia and the statue from 1991 of the Holy Mary of Immaculate Conception on the pedestal, destroyed during the war a monument of Carl Loewe (1796-1869) - a composer, the organist in St. James Church, the city resident in the years 1820-1866. On the tower - a plaque with the text "5 Truths of Poles". Under the tower there are Jubilee Doors with the scene from St. Otto's life sculptured by Czeslaw Dzwigaj.
Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.