The ruins of the ancient city of Aspendos in Turkey include besides the Basilica, length of 105 m, well-preserved theater at 15000 sites, an aqueductto supply water, the stadium, whose length is 215 m, 3 necropolis, two bathsand agora. According to legend, the city was founded by prophet Mops after the Trojan War. In order to avoid attacks from the sea, the city was built 16 km from the coast. He was a member of Lycia, the Persians, the Athenian naval alliance. In 333 BC. er., moved from the Alexander of Macedon.
Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.