0 Likes

Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Gun room
Romania
Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is surrounded by a ring of 18 fortifications built in the late 19th century. At the initiative of King Carol I, a very able military professional formed and trained in Germany, the Belgian general Henri Alexis Brialmont was instructed to design the remarkable defence complex that stretched over a circumference of 72km around the city. Is a series of 18 forts placed at a distance of 4km from each other with another 18 intermediate batteries placed in between the forts. At the beginning of the 20th century, chemical and aeronautical advances rendered the forts obsolete a short while after their completion. Explosives and aerial bombardment made classical fortifications useless in modern warfare. In 1914, the Battle of Liege, in which the German Army broke through fortifications also designed by Brialmont with greater ease than expected, alarmed the authorities in Bucharest. The forts' artillery pieces—all top-notch Krupp cannons—were quickly dismantled and transformed into mobile artillery. Indeed, by 1916, when the German Army was approaching Bucharest, the forts had already been abandoned, and the city was taken without too much difficulty. Today, the military has abandoned most of the forts. Stray dogs seek shelter in some of them; storage space and mushroom-growing facilities are other reported uses. The forts are now in a ruinous state, deteriorating through neglect at an alarming rate. Nothing is being done by the government of the city authorities to redress the situation although the forts would constitute a major international tourist attraction. Although the fortifications are huge structures surrounding European Union’s 6thlargest metropolis, paradoxically not many of Bucharest’s citizens are aware about their existence, a result of the last six decades of communist and post-communist low quality education and lack of interest in their own heritage. Text sources are: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortifications_of_Bucharest http://historo.wordpress.com/2009/08/29/vauban-type-fortresses-in-romania/
Copyright: Andrei zdetoveţchi
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Uploaded: 27/06/2011
Updated: 28/06/2011
Views: 77
comments powered by Disqus

Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Inside room
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Inside corridor
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Inside room
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Top view
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Main entrance
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Main Corridor
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications
W. H. Mahyo
Lacul Lebada
Valentin Matache
Romania National Arena
Adi Mera
Bucharest - Vacaresti Lake - Aerial View
stefanescu liviu
viva sport
Info3D.ro
Fantana calea bucuresti
Peka xonep koca 3
Sahneh
The Arg-é Bam (ارگ بم) Before being destroyed by an earthquake
Oliver Guest
130403 Hardanger Halne snow hole
Marcio Cabral
Cerrado Stellar I
Matthias Kunze
Castell de Tossa de Mar
Valentin durand
cascade Gairaut
Carsten Arenz
Barcelona - Parc Guell - Sala Hippostila
sun r
江苏徐州小南湖水街连接苏公岛的桥
Vasilis Triantafyllou
To Gefyri Tis Plakas Araxthos River Greece
Martin Broomfield
Boys head out to fish, Matemwe, Zanzibar
Hersonissos Municipality in Crete
Agia Paraskevi Cave in Skotino Village - Gouves
Martin Broomfield
Sunrise Matemwe Beach, Zanzibar
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Entrance in Cismigiu Gardens
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
City Mall
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Battery 9-10 of the Bucharest's Ring of Fortifications - Main Corridor
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Kiseleff Street meets Victory Square
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Calea Victoriei meets Mihail Moxa Street
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
IRIDE Business Park
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
The Park of the State Circus
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Precupetii Vechi Parish - All Saints Church
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Mogosoaia Palace - Garden
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
The Enisala Fortress #2
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
Romanian Athenaeum
Andrei Zdetoveţchi
The Casino at night #2
More About Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights. In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. Text by Steve Smith.