0 Likes

Bears' Cave in Romania. The Emil Racovita Gallery
West Carpathians
Copyright: Michael Pop
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Uploaded: 29/06/2009
Updated: 16/06/2014
Views:

...


Tags: bears; cave; emil; racovita; gallery; romania
comments powered by Disqus

Michael Pop
The Bears' Cave in Romania - the big gallery
Csaba Papp
Sighistel Valley, ROU
Csaba Papp
Sighistel Valley 1, ROU
Peter Fencik
View to Sighistel
Gabor Varga
Autumn Sunrise on Galbani Cliff
Oprea Sebastian
Cabana Ovidiu.
Oprea Sebastian
Top of ski slope Vartop1
Oprea Sebastian
Apuseni Mountains. Poiana Ponor.
Gabor Varga
Vf. Bohodei - Bihor Mountains - 1654m
Gabor Varga
In the Bihar (Bihor) Mountains
Gabor Varga
On the Walking Track to the Summit of the Gods
hakapeszi maki
Szamos Bazár
Igor Marx
International Neuroscience Institute (INI)
Randy Myers
Arc de Triomphe
Igor Marx
International Neuroscience Institute (INI)
Katsunori Takamatsu
The 1/1 scale Gundam RX78 in Odaiba
Marcin Klaban
Old English Bus
Markus Matern
Cross on summit of mount Imberger Horn
Café Central
ehcsimred
Ehcsimred bruecke nasses dreieck germany
ehcsimred
Ehcsimred schleuse herbrum aschendorf germany
Arnaud Chapin
Nurserie de Veaux
Mark Schuster
Kanakan Village - Iran
mouret-vincent
New York in the sky 4 french on board
Michael Pop
La Rambla, Palma de Mallorca
Michael Pop
Stairs to the Lutheran Church Tower in Sibiu
Michael Pop
The Women's Cave in Baia de Fier
Michael Pop
The Wine Festival in Targu Mures, Romania (2)
Michael Pop
Inside the fire truck
Michael Pop
The fortress Rasnov near Brasov
Michael Pop
Victoriei (Victory) Square in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
Scene of the National Theatre in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
The Lights Festival in Targu Mures
Michael Pop
Walls of the Biertan Fortress
Michael Pop
The Aviation Museum in Bucharest (6)
Michael Pop
Plaza de Espana, Palma de Mallorca
More About Transsylvania

Transylvania (Romanian: Ardeal or Transilvania; Hungarian: Erdély; German: De-Siebenbürgen.ogg Siebenbürgen (help·info), see also other denominations) is a historical region in the central part of Romania. Bounded on the east and south by the Carpathian mountain range, historical Transylvania extended in the west to the Apuseni Mountains; however, the term frequently encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crişana, Maramureş, and (Romanian) Banat.Transylvania was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory and after that its wealth was systematically exploited. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of tribes, which subjected it to various influences. During this time areas of it were under the control of the Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Bulgars. Thereafter the Romanized Dacian inhabitants either moved into the mountains and preserved their culture or migrated southward. It is likely that elements of the mixed Daco–Roman population held out in Transylvania.[1] There is an ongoing scholarly debate over the population of Transylvania before the Hungarian conquest[2] (see Origin of the Romanians).The Magyars conquered the area at the end of the 9th century and firmly established their control over it in 1003, when their king Stephen I, according to legend, defeated the native prince entitled or named Gyula.[3][4][5][6] Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a voivod appointed by the Hungarian King. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 Transylvania became effectively an independent principality ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes. Afterward, in 1566, Hungary was divided between the Habsburgs and the Turks, with the Transylvanian principality maintaining autonomy as an Ottoman subject.The Habsburgs acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. The Habsburgs, however, recognized the Hungarian sovereignty over Transylvania,[1][dubious – discuss] while the Transylvanians recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I (1687), and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire, separated in all but name[7][8] from Habsburg controlled Hungary[9][10][11] and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor’s governors.[12] In 1699 the Turks legally conceded their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, anti-Habsburg elements within the principality only submitted to the emperor in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár. After the Ausgleich of 1867 the region was fully reabsorbed into Hungary [4][6] as a part of the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary began to disintegrate. The ethnic Romanian majority elected representatives, who then proclaimed union with Romania on December 1, 1918. In 1920, the Allies confirmed the union in the Treaty of Trianon. Hungary protested against the detach, as over 1,600,000 Hungarian people[13] were living in the area in question, mainly in Szekler Land of Eastern Transylvania, and along the newly created border, which was drawn through areas with Hungarian majority. In August 1940, in the midst of World War II, Hungary regained about 40% of Transylvania by the Vienna Award, with the aid of Germany and Italy. The territory, however, reverted to Romania in 1945; this was confirmed in the 1947 Paris Peace Treaties[4].In distant regions, Transylvania is also often associated with Dracula[14][15][16] (Bram Stoker's novel and its film adaptations), and the horror genre in general, while in countries of Central and Eastern Europe the region is known for the scenic beauty of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history.