0 Likes

Beijing-South Moat北京-南护城河(1441)
Beijing

南护城河:

      南护城河起自西便门,绕流外城,经广渠门向北入通惠河。全长15.5公里,宽22~45米。沿途与西护城河、南旱河、莲花河等相通,是外城河水、污水的主要排泄渠道。在永定门至天坛南门的南护城河北岸,矗立二十四节气柱,分为4组,分别代表春夏秋冬四季。

Copyright: Dxinwei
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8374x4187
Uploaded: 10/01/2014
Updated: 08/08/2014
Views:

...


Tags: moat; beijing
comments powered by Disqus

Dxinwei
Beijing-Kaiyang Road北京-开阳路(1447)
Dxinwei
Beijing-South Railway Station road of happiness北京-南站幸福路(1453)
Dxinwei
Beijing-South Railway Station road of happiness北京-南站幸福路(1459)
Dxinwei
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站北入口(1465)
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park 陶然亭公园-南门 (1375)
jacky cheng
The carefree pavilion park - cloud draws the building
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park 陶然亭南线 (1381)
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park陶然亭公园-湖心亭(1429)
jacky cheng
陶然亭公园-鹅池碑亭;Carefree pavilion park - goose pond tablet pavilion
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park 陶然亭公园-佳境坊 (1399)
Dxinwei
Taoran Pavilion Park陶然亭公园-玉虹桥(1393)
Bernd Dohrmann - www.360Bilder.de
South Railway Station Beijing
Alexander Saranchuk
Crossroad bl. Shevchenko - Pushkinskaya st. - Premier Palace Hotel - Kiev - Ukraine
Daniel Oi
University of Glasgow, Undercroft
EdouardAS
Volcano Summit
Thomas Bredenfeld
Suworow Monument and Devil's Bridge on the Gotthard route in Switzerland
Flemming V. Larsen
Sculpture by the Sea - by Jörg-Werner Schmidt
EdouardAS
Summit of Stromboli
Milos Pec
Burroughs Mountain, WA, USA
Jakub Hruska
Aboard Norröna
Manuel Gine
VOLTES DEL CIRC
Mark Schuster
Golestan Palace - Iran - Tehran [3]
Flemming V. Larsen
Sculpture by the Sea - by Hugh Ramage
Tibor Illes
Onion House Cultural centre (Hagymaház) - Theatre auditorium - planning Imre Makovecz
Dxinwei
Jiuli Lake九鲤湖-徐霞客游记(037)
Dxinwei
Nanshan Bamboo Sea南山竹海-景区入口(001)
Dxinwei
Imperial Vault of Heaven 皇穹宇 (1303)
Dxinwei
Wang JiaXiang‘s Life Show 王稼祥生平展 (408 )
Dxinwei
Wuxi Yuangtouzhu park游船码头(397)
Dxinwei
Gaoyou Yucheng Post House 皇華正廰 (199)
Dxinwei
Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Xiying inside 西瀛里 (302260)
Dxinwei
Taizhou Mei Lanfang Memorial Museum 梅兰芳纪念馆 (115)
Dxinwei
About Kouzi International Hotel 酒店信息 (037)
Dxinwei
Zhang's Mansion Garden Stone engraved 碑刻珍品(169)
Dxinwei
The big four judge 四大判官 (1221)
Dxinwei
Rizhao wanpingkou Scenic Area万平口起降点(014)
More About Beijing

Overview and HistoryIn the Stone Age, "Peking Man" lived near Beijing -- as many as 500,000 years ago. The earliest relics in China are stone tools dating to this time period. Between four and five thousand years ago there were agricultural settlements southwest of Beijing. They were the beginning of a city that would go through several name changes over the millenia.The legendary Yellow Emperor Huang Di battled Chiyou "in the wilderness of the Zhou prefecture." Zhoulu is a town to the west of modern Beijing. The Yellow Emperor's successor, Emperor Yao, established a capital city called Youdo. Youdo became a place called Ji, and Ji was taken over by the Marquis of Yan during the period of the Warring States (475 B.C.)Ji remained an important city for ten centuries. From China's first feudal empire through to the end of the Tang Dynasty, Ji was a strategic military center in the campaign to unite all of China.By the end of the Tang Dynasty in 907 A.D., the Qidan army came from the north and occupied Ji. They called it Nanjing, which meant "southern capital." During this time the Liao Dynasty ruled and carried out many reconstruction projects in the city, fortifying it for greater military use.The Nuzhen army conquered the Liao and established the Jin dynasty as of 1115 A.D., moving the city of Ji and renaming it "Zhongdu" which means "Central Capital." This meant more expansion and construction of palaces until the city spanned five kilometers across and contained an estimated one million people.Mongolian raiders invaded Zhongdu in 1215 A.D. and renamed it Dadu. Under Kublai Khan the Yuan Dynasty took Dadu as its capital and unified China!Since Zhongdu had been destroyed by fire in the change from Jin to Yuan dynasties, Kublai Khan took on a reconstruction project that was to expand the city into rectangular shape. It became the political center of the country with three main areas -- imperial palaces, the city walls, and the canal.By the coming of the thirteenth century, Dadu was a world famous city which astounded Marco Polo when he arrived. In his record he writes, "You must know that it is the greatest palace that ever was..."In 1368 Ming soldiers captured Dadu and renamed it Beiping or "Northern Peace." It went through another period of reconstruction which saw walls twelve meters high built around its perimeter, walls ten meters thick which took fifteen years to build. When they were done, Beiping became the official capital of the Ming Dynasty. With the completion of the palaces and gardens in 1420, Emperor Yongle renamed the city Beijing, "Northern Capital."Beijing grew once more and took on a rectangular shape with two distinct sections, the Inner City (Tartar) and the Outer City (Chinese). Its city planners gave it an organized arrangement that still felt relaxed.The Qing Dynasty came along circa 1644 A.D. and the Manchus built extended suburban gardens. These took more than a whole century to make, but when they were finished the open-air pavilions and palaces stood as a masterpiece of Chinese architecture. This was proper to show the power and refinement of traditional China, a fitting design for the capital of the empire.The Qing Dynasty lasted until 1911 but collapsed into chaos at the hands of the Northern Warlords. Beijing suffered a lack of leadership until 1949, when the People's Liberation Army entered the city. From Tian'anmen Square in the center of the city, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, with Beijing as its capital.Since then it has continued to expand, surpassing the nine gates of the inner city wall, beyond the seven outer gates, and into the suburbs. Beijing now takes up 750 square kilometers! The city retains its old symmetry with a central axis that runs north-south, and the Imperial Palace Museum at the center. This palace was once called the "Forbidden City" but it is now a museum open to the public.Getting ThereThe Beijing Capital International Airport is located 25km northeast of the city. It is the center of China's civil aviation network and it connects to 69 cities worldwide. The airport is linked to the city by bus, taxi and Beijing Subway Airport Line.The city government operates one bus line and private buses go and come from several hotels. The taxi stand is outside the terminal, as always, so don't ride with the drivers who harass you inside the terminal. A ride to the city center should cost about 70 RMB plus 15 RMB highway toll. You should also know that there's an airport tax of 90 RMB for international travelers. Keep your receipt!TransportationWithin the city you can choose from 67,000 GPS-equipped taxis, the bus or the metro. Half of their buses are running on natural gas now, which is a good move considering the city is adding fifty new bus routes per year. Whoa!The metro has two routes, the Loop Line and Line One. The Loop has sixteen stations and it runs parallel to where the city wall stood in the Ming era. Line One has twenty-one stops going from the suburbs on one side all the way across to the other side. It is safe to assume that there will be more metro lines to follow as Beijing grows.People and CultureOne of the unique sights in Beijing is a park filled with retired people doing their exercises early in the morning. Tai ch'i, QiGong, sword dancing and shadow boxing are forms of exercise and relaxation which have existed for more than two thousand years and are still popular today.Drinking tea in a teahouse and enjoying a folk opera in an old-style theater are both popular activities in Beijing culture. Beijing has more bars and pubs than any other Chinese city (more than 400), and it's also full of antique shops, silk markets and museums.Things to do, RecommendationsBeijing is massive and filled with interesting things to explore. For just a few examples, take a look at these:The National Stadium (bird's nest), the Water Cube, and ruins of the Yuan Dynasty city wall.If you like art, you have to check out the 798 Art District. It's named for Factory #798 and the district contains hundreds of galleries, bookstores and restaurants. Have fun!Text by Steve Smith.