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Northern Spain

Biarritz, ciudad balnearia muy conocida desde el siglo XIX. Estaba constituida por un pueblo de pescadores de ballenas cuando Victor Hugo la descubrió en 1843. Él ya mencionaba el riesgo que tenía de pasar a ser una ciudad balnearia. Se constituyó como puerto pesquero de ballenas a partir del siglo XI. Estaba formado por dos asentamientos: el barrio de la iglesia de Saint-Martin y el puerto pesquero (Port-Vieux) defendido por el castillo de Belay o Ferragus. El nombre original de la ciudad (en la Edad Media) era Beariz. Su blasón muestra una gran barca ballenera que sigue siendo el símbolo de la ciudad. La población es de origen vasco, con la introducción de elementos gascones a partir del siglo XIV. Biarriz formó parte de Labort hasta 1790. El primer faro se construyó en 1650.  (Fuente: Wikipedia)

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Copyright: Rodrigo Gonzalez
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 9388x4694
Taken: 29/08/2009
Uploaded: 15/12/2009
Updated: 03/03/2015
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Tags: biarritz; puerto; viejo; mar; playa; faro; pescadores; port; vieux; grande; plage; france; francia; pais vasco; pays vasque; frances; francais; alceda; ontaneda; alcedaontaneda
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France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.